Echoencephalography - reading and preparation for the procedure,

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. Contraindications

3. How to prepare?

Echoencephalography (Echo EG) - a non-invasive method of ultrasound diagnostics, with which you can identify the presence of pathological changes and processes in the brain tissue.At the heart of the Echo-EG is the ability of hard and soft tissues of the head and brain tissue to pass and reflect the ultrasonic vibrations.

Echoencephalography to determine:

  • states of the brain ventricles.
  • indirect signs of intracranial volume processes - cysts, tumors, foreign bodies, hematoma.

brain Echoencephalography usually carried out in a lying or sitting position.In the process of diagnosis of the subject's head should be in the most moving.The doctor does to the skin a special coupling gel, which prevents the formation of noise, and then sets the color of the patient small sensors.Depending on the study physician or sequentially smoothly moves them in different areas of the head.Thereafter, the recording signals coming fr

om the ultrasonic sensors.With a smooth movement of the sensor research result is displayed as a two-dimensional image slice in the head, in series - in the form of a graph.Duration of treatment is 10-15 minutes.

procedure is completely painless for the patient.After the Echo EG specialist conducts decoding the received entries.The next day, the patient can get a printout of the basic measurements and expert opinion.

When he appointed?

echoencephalography prescribed to children and adults with the following signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling noise in the ears and dizziness.
  • decreased performance and memory impairment, attention deficit disorder.
  • Neurotic reactions (stuttering, tics, enuresis, etc.).
  • Feeling short of breath.
  • not associated with eating nausea.
  • Frequent headaches, migraine, sleep disorder.
  • Suspected concussion as a result received bruises and a head injury.
  • incoordination of movements and sudden loss of consciousness.
  • bouts of poor health, general weakness, "flies" in front of his eyes.

echoencephalography also used for the diagnosis of the following diseases:

  • Volumetric brain lesions (benign and malignant tumors, intracranial hematoma, foreign bodies, abscesses, etc..).
  • Local and diffuse cerebral edema.
  • stroke, cerebral ischemia.
  • intracranial hypertension.
  • vertebrobasilar insufficiency.
  • brain Hydrocephalus.
  • vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD).
  • Inflammatory diseases of the brain.
  • Encephalopathy.
  • Violation of cerebral blood flow.
  • pituitary adenoma.
  • Neurodegenerative diseases of the CNS.
  • Parkinson's disease.
  • brain tuberculoma.

echoencephalography most often used as a method of preliminary examination in preparation for computer or magnetic resonance brain imaging (CT and MRI).Sometimes Echo-EG may be the only alternative to these methods, for example, due to a heavy patient or other contraindications.

Contraindications

Echoencephalography - absolutely safe way to study without having any side effects.The only obstacle to the carrying out Echo-EG is the presence of open wounds on the patient's head in the place of installation of sensors (in this case, is usually assigned a CT or MRI).

How to prepare?

For the Echo EG does not require special training.The patient may store eating habits and daily routine.

If brain encephalography appointed child is to keep his head from moving during the procedure may need help from their parents.

Latest Blog Post

What is acoustic impedancemetry and why ?
August 12, 2017

Contents: 1. When appointed? 2. Contraindications 3. How to prepare? Acoustic impedancemetry used to assess the state of the e...