In some cases, the assigned echocardiography of the heart ?

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. How to prepare?

Echocardiography is one of the most popular methods of ultrasound diagnostics, which allows you to visualize the heart in order to assess its core hemodynamic parameters and structural features.Echocardiogram, are generally used for the early diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases.The bottom line of this study is the use of ultrasonic waves that are reflected from the human body tissues with different acoustic density.

Currently, echocardiography is performed by several methods that allow you to evaluate various parameters:

  • Two-dimensional echocardiography (status of valves, the presence or absence of thrombosis of cavities, ventricular contractility, as well as the size of the cavities and the thickness of the heart wall).
  • Doppler study (center speaker).
  • Echocardiography in M-mode (ventricular systolic work and the size of the heart).
  • Contrast echocardiography (assessment of the heart chambers).
  • volumetric modeling of the heart.
  • Intravascular ultrasound (assessment of the coronary vessels).
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram (posterior wall of the heart examination).
  • Stress echocardiography (estimated contraction of different parts of the myocardium to exercise on the heart muscle and after).

echocardiography of the heart, usually on an outpatient basis (in the outpatient).The study investigated the ultrasonic diagnostic laid on the couch (on the left side or on the back), then the doctor puts on the chest (the heart) and the clear gel "slips" sensor on the skin surface at different points of access to the heart muscle.

During the procedure, a specialist examines more than a hundred settlement and baselines, the assessment of the following parameters:

  • function and condition of the valves;
  • contractility of the heart;
  • size of the cavities of the heart muscle;
  • scarring;
  • functional state of the myocardium;
  • thickness of the heart wall;
  • degree of hypertrophy of the cameras;
  • contractility of the left ventricle in dynamics;
  • indicators pump function;
  • presence of intracardiac thrombus;

As for fetal echocardiography, it is prescribed to pregnant women to assess intracardiac hemodynamics and state organs in utero, allowing early diagnosis and start treatment immediately after birth of the baby.Most often, research is being conducted on 18-22 week of pregnancy.Echocardiography During physician carefully examine the heart and blood vessels, detecting congenital cardiac pathology.

When he appointed?

Echocardiography heart is prescribed for:

  • myocardial infarction;
  • arrhythmias;
  • changes on the electrocardiogram;
  • noise in the heart;
  • visible violations on the radiograph;
  • increase in blood pressure;
  • complaints of leg swelling, chest pain, fainting, dizziness, frequent and severe shortness of breath.
  • serious hereditary cardiac pathologies;
  • suspected acquired or congenital heart disease;
  • cardiomyopathy;
  • feverish state of uncertain origin;
  • constant emotional stress.

In addition, doctors recommend to undergo cardiac ultrasound athletes, children in the period of intensive growth and persons in need of monitoring the state in coronary artery disease and congenital heart disease.

indications for fetal echocardiography are:

  • Miscarriages before the current pregnancy.
  • Congenital heart disease in the immediate family.
  • deviations that were recorded on a planned study of fetal ultrasound at the twentieth week.
  • Taking medicines for epilepsy and antibiotics in the first trimester.
  • diabetes.

How to prepare?

echocardiography special training is not required.On the eve of the study the patient can observe the usual for him daily routine.There is no need to change the drinking mode or perform an echocardiogram on an empty stomach.

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