1. When appointed?
3. How to prepare?
Cystoscopy - a method of diagnosis of the urethra and bladder.The bottom line of this study is to examine the mucous membranes of these organs with a special optical system.There are two kinds of cystoscopy: agile and tough.Tool selection depends on the purpose of the study.
Both methods are surveys carried out in a similar manner, except for the human body position.When using hard cystoscope, the patient lies on his side, his knees out to the sides and pulled upwards.In order to anesthetize the study site in the urethra introduced a special preparation for local anesthesia.Then, the bladder is introduced cystoscope and carry out inspections.
If the doctor uses a cystoscope is movable, this posture is not required.The patient himself can find a comfortable position.During the manipulation of a bladder filled with water through a cystoscope, so he stretched out.This helps the doctor to view the bladder wall detail.
If the procedure makes a man, at the head of a penis impose special clamp (5-10 minutes).Women cystoscopy does not have any features.
duration of inspection depends on the qualifications of the doctor, the type of apparatus and disease.Sometimes the research is combined with the implementation of a procedure such as cystochromoscopy.
Cystoscopy is widely applied in urology, and has a fairly extensive list of readings:
Contraindications to perform this procedure are divided into local and general.The former include inflammatory diseases of the urethra and the bladder such as cystitis and urethritis.During the study the mucosa of these organs injured, because of which the inflammatory process intensifies.
The general contraindications include serious diseases of internal organs.For example, holding a cystoscopy with hepatic and renal failure threatens significant deterioration of general condition of the patient.Cystoscopy is also not recommended for people in old age, who have diseases of the cardiovascular system.Also, the manipulation is strictly contraindicated in patients with myocardial infarction.
women, this procedure is contraindicated during pregnancy.The fact that the bladder is bordered to the uterus and carrying out various manipulations on it can be accompanied by damage to the reproductive organa.Eto can cause miscarriage.Therefore, pregnant women should be preferred more gentle methods, such as ultrasound or excretory urography.
First of all, the patient must ensure the purity of their external genitalia to prevent entry into the urinary bladder infections.This recommendation applies to both men and women.
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