Cystography - reading , preparation of the patient for the procedure

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. Contraindications

3. How to prepare?

Cystography is an X-ray examination of the bladder, which is assigned to identify stones and tumors, changes anatomically shaped body, vesicoureteral reflux, and many other pathologies.

Currently cystography in two ways - descending and ascending.Downward cystography like the excretory urography.Before this study, intravenously administered contrast agent.After a certain period of time (when the bladder is filled) X-rays are done.Regarding uplink cystogram, in this case, the contrast is injected into the bladder through the urethra (through the catheter).

also a voiding cystography - method of X-ray examination, which is held at the moment of urination.Radiopaque substance is injected into the case by means of a catheter inserted through the urethra and while the cavity is in the bladder.Then, the patient asks for help, and at this point produces an X-ray technician.When the contrast penetrates into the urethra radi

ograph and clearly indicates the status of the bladder and urethra.

When he appointed?

main indications for cystography are adults:

  • Neurogenic bladder.
  • tumor in the bladder.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Foreign bodies, fistulas and bladder stones.
  • Recurrent infections of the urinary tract.
  • bladder diverticula.
  • urination disorders.
  • Leakage of urine after surgery on the bladder.
  • Determining the degree of infiltration of the bladder wall tumor.
  • Identification stones in diverticula.
  • Determining the causes of urinary incontinence.
  • Selection of the most effective treatments for diseases of the urinary system.

Cystography in children has the following indications:

  • Tuberculosis bladder.
  • urination disorders.
  • Enuresis (uncontrollable, involuntary urination).
  • Suspicion of vesicoureteral reflux.
  • recurrences of infectious diseases.
  • exception of defects and anomalies in development.

Voiding cystography in children makes it possible to detect fistula, urethral diverticula, and vesicoureteral reflux.

Contraindications

cystography is contraindicated spend in acute inflammation of the bladder, urethra, scrotum, prostate and seminal vesicles.If the research is still necessary, the doctor can perform a downward cystography.

How to prepare?

Before Cystography patient must sign a consent to the procedure.The fairer sex are obliged to notify the doctor about a possible pregnancy.Also, the patient should inform the doctor about the presence of allergic reactions and severe diseases.

For two days before the examination medical experts recommend limiting intake of products that provoke flatulence.On the eve of the research (in the evening), as well as immediately before Cystography (morning) held enema.

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