EGD Method ( fibrogastroduodenoscopy ) and its results

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. How to prepare?

Fibrogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is an endoscopic examination, during which the doctor with a gastroscope examines the upper sections of the digestive system (the duodenum, stomach and esophagus).Gastroscope is a flexible tube that has a camera inside, fiber-optic system, as well as a channel for tools, pick up the pieces of stomach tissue for research.

Currently fibrogastroduodenoscopy is a safe procedure in which complications (bleeding, perforation) are extremely rare (about one percent of patients) and usually observed at biopsy and polypectomy.Also, in children after EGD may develop mental disorders.

Before examining the patient to do local anesthesia (the patient is treated pharynx spray, which contains lidocaine).Sometimes done premedication (injection with a sedative) before the EGD.In rare cases, the above procedure is performed under general anesthesia.

EGD holds endoscopist, suitably qualified.In the treatment room the patient lies

down on the couch and clamped his teeth nagubnik.Through this device, the doctor inserts an endoscopic tube (gastroscope), after which the patient takes a sip, at which time the expert enters the gastroscope into the esophagus.To reduce gagging and discomfort, the patient should breathe quietly and deeply.

During the procedure, the doctor examines the esophagus surface of the stomach and duodenum.If you want to do video and photography, as well as to record images.According to testimony, during this manipulation is performed biopsy transendoskopicheskuyu pH meter, as well as stop the bleeding, remove polyps and injected drugs.

diagnostic fibrogastroduodenoscopy duration varies from 5 to 10 minutes.If, during the EGD performed additional manipulations, the duration of the procedure is increased to 20-30 minutes.

results EGD patient can pick up and carry your doctor immediately after the procedure.Assessing data EGD, the doctor makes a final diagnosis and prescribe treatment.

unpleasant sensation in the throat may occur after performing EGD, which takes 1-2 days on their own.If after fibrogastroduodenoscopy patient has pyrexia (fever), sharp pains in the stomach, loose stools black, as well as vomiting with blood, the patient is obliged to urgently contact the hospital, as these symptoms may indicate serious complicationsrequiring immediate medical attention.

When he appointed?

main indications for EGD are:

  • detailed study of the mucous layer of the duodenum, stomach and esophagus.
  • diagnosis of duodenal ulcer or gastric, duodenitis, gastritis, esophagitis.
  • Suspected tumor of the duodenum or the stomach.

also EGD procedure shows people over forty years for early detection or exclusion of cancer.

How to prepare?

Before fibrogastroduodenoscopy for 8-10 hours is strictly forbidden anything to eat and drink.

If EGD plan to be carried out under general anesthesia, the patient before the study is obliged to inform the doctor about the presence of allergy to the drug.

In addition, the patient must inform the physician-endoscopist of all its existing serious chronic diseases (epilepsy, schizophrenia, diabetes or other ailments).

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