How is breast ultrasound and how to prepare ?


1. Contraindications

2. When appointed?

3. How to prepare?

Ultrasonography of mammary glands (US) is an informative, painless and safe breast diagnostic method using ultrasound device.Diagnosis is performed to investigate the space-occupying lesions that were detected by palpation.Currently, ultrasound perfectly complements mammography.

main advantages of ultrasound breast are:

  • painless procedure;
  • saving time and money;
  • determining not only the sick zones, but also healthy;
  • identify abnormalities that are difficult to detect using mammography.

breast ultrasound study is conducted in an ultrasonic diagnosis as a rule, in the first half of the menstrual cycle.Before beginning the study, the patient is asked to undress from the waist up.After that, the medical specialist puts on a special gel breast and presses the ultrasonic sensor close to his chest, gently moving them in the survey area.The pressure sensor is usually not cause any discomfort.

The first doctor examin

es a healthy mammary gland, and then conducting a study likely to breast pathology.Breast ultrasound necessarily involves scanning the four zones of the lymph nodes:

  • perenagrudnoy;
  • axillary;
  • subclavian;
  • supraclavicular.

duration of the procedure varies from 10 to 15 minutes.


As for contraindications Ultrasonic studies of breast, they currently do not.

Today, breast ultrasound is one of the most common methods of breast examination, but this procedure should not be a reason for non-attendance of mammalogy, so it does not allow to identify the various forms of cancer.At suspicion on oncology mammolog usually resorted to additional methods of diagnosis, such as a biopsy.

When appointed?

main indications for breast ultrasound are:

  • Pregnancy and lactation (breastfeeding).
  • precise diagnosis detection of breast tumors with X-ray mammography or palpation.
  • Routine inspection of mammary glands.
  • Onkoosmotr (for women under thirty years - once a year; for women over thirty years - twice a year).
  • Acute inflammation in the mammary gland.
  • diagnosis of cysts of varying size.
  • Clarification of the nature increase of axillary lymph nodes.
  • Nodal mastopathy with atypical symptoms.
  • Sclerotherapy multiple cysts.
  • Assessment of silicone breast prostheses.

    • Mastitis (inflammation of the mammary glands, which in most cases occurs in nursing mothers):

    With breast ultrasound following diseases can be detected.

  • Mastopatia (benign tumor in the breast, developing on the background of hormonal disorders in women).
  • cyst breast (cavity filled with fluid, which is in the midst of healthy tissue).
  • breast abscess (limited accumulation of pus, which usually is the result of running mastitis).
  • Breast cancer (malignant tumor in the breast, which grows into the healthy tissue).

How to prepare?

breast ultrasound does not require special preparation of the patient.Medical experts recommend the fair sex to pass this procedure from the fifth to the fourteenth day of the menstrual cycle.

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