What are X-rays , and when it is prescribed ?

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. Contraindications

3. How to prepare?

Radiography - a method of beam diagnostics, with which you can explore the inner anatomical structure of objects.By means of X-rays of the image projected onto the special paper or film.

This procedure is carried out in a specially equipped room.Examinee placed in the X-ray machine, which is located on part of the body being studied.In this case the object for which the X-ray image, is placed in front of the cassette of film.The patient should be at rest, yet will be photographed.Further X-ray image is sent to a radiologist for further study.The whole procedure takes only a few minutes.

When the diagnostic X-ray images is desirable to conduct two or more projections.This is because the X-ray allows you to get a flat image a three-dimensional object.Therefore, the detected outbreak of disease localization can be determined only by means of two projections.

When he appointed?

Indications for radiographic examination

of the following:

  • bone fractures and dislocations of joints, malignant and benign tumors, flat, inflammatory processes, includingosteomyelitis, and changes in the joints, arthritis, disorders of the skeletal system.
  • anomalies and malformations of bronchus and lung (structure, size, shape, location, etc.).Also, X-ray helps to detect the presence of foreign bodies, traumatic injuries, pneumonia, malignant and benign tumors.
  • Traumatic brain injury (skull) and spine, malignant and benign tumors, evaluation of the nature of disease and changes (spondylosis, disk herniation, osteochondrosis).
  • Inflammatory diseases (frontal sinusitis, sinusitis).
  • Congenital and acquired malformations of the cardiovascular system, pericarditis, aortic aneurysms and heart tumors.
  • Check patency of the fallopian tubes during infertility treatment.
  • certain functions and structures of the urethra and kidneys.In turn, this allows you to diagnose patency of the urethra, bladder, ureters (detected hydronephrosis, renal failure, cystitis, defects and developmental abnormalities of ureters, kidneys, kidney stones, tumors of the urinary system, prostate adenoma).
  • esophageal disease (stenosis, hernia, changes in development), stomach (tumors, gastritis, ulcers), colon (tumors, diverticula, ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane), and small bowel (stenosis, ulcers), and bile ducts.
  • pathology Peptic duodenal and gastric, intestinal obstruction.

The resulting X-ray of all these bodies can be used in pulmonology, traumatology and orthopedics, neurology, otolaryngology, cardiology, urology, gastroenterology, gynecology and surgery.

Contraindications Absolute contraindications for radiography is not because it is a non-invasive method of investigation.Nevertheless, it should be done only on prescription, and only with the corresponding record in the history of the disease.In addition, the X-ray is not desirable to carry out women during pregnancy and children, whose age has not reached 14 years of age.

How to prepare?

special preparation to diagnosis is not required.The only exception is adherence to the basic rules of protection, as even small radiation doses on X-rays may provoke disturbances in the genetic apparatus of cells.

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