1. When appointed?
3. How to prepare?
Otoscopy - this instrumental method of viewing the surface of the eardrum and ear canal using a special instrument (otoscope) or via a direct light source, refractometer and specula.During the otoscopy produce paracentesis (incision of the eardrum to clean the cavity of the middle ear exudate in acute purulent otitis), auripuncture, remove polyps, granulation and other foreign bodies.
Procedure otoscopy following:
If inspection is used otoscope (a special flexible instrument, equipped with a light source and a miniature video camera), the patient also sits sideways to the doctor.ENT physician slowly puts the otoscope into the ear canal, watching his progress on the screen.By changing the angle of inclination of the device, he examines in detail the state of the tympanic membrane, as well as extracts foreign bodies and take tissue samples by means of special tools.
There are a number of indications for otoscopy:
contraindicated otoscopy to conduct preparatory measures.The epidermis and sulfur may affect oto- picture.In addition, the application procedure is limited after traumatic injuries, as a result of which it becomes impossible to pass through the otoscope the external auditory canal or congenital anomalies of the ear.Otoscopy itself does not cause any effect.
survey requires no special training.A few hours before the procedure, the patient should stop using the ear drops.Experts recommend to verify the absence of any visible damage and perform a normal hygienic cleaning of the external auditory passage of the patient (to remove particles of earwax, dirt, desquamated epithelium, suppuration).
Cleaning the eardrum and ear canal is performed using sterile cotton wool and thin probes.Wool moistened with paraffin oil in order to facilitate the removal of crusts and reduce irritation of the walls.If the first inspection can not clean the ear, the doctor prescribes infusion vaseline oil 5 drops 2-3 times daily.The procedure is performed in a few days, and only then proceed to clean again.
Regarding the washing with clean water is suspected if the patient has a dry perforation, it is contraindicated: this manipulation can infect the middle ear.In the presence of pus in the ear complete removal of exudate to be performed.
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