Preparation and characteristics of MRI of the spine


1. When appointed?

2. How to prepare?

3. Contraindications

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine at the moment is the most informative method of research of the spine and surrounding tissue (the spinal cord as well).Since this type of survey does not require intervention tool, it is considered one of the most effective and safe.

Magnetic resonance imaging involves the use of high-frequency pulses, strong magnetic fields, as well as a computer system that allows to obtain high-quality images of the studied organ.Detailed spine images allow the doctor to assess in detail the condition of the body and reveal those or other pathology.MRI of the spine radiologist can see the anatomy of the spinal cord, vertebrae, intervertebral discs and nerve endings in the intervertebral space.

Standard apparatus for MRI (MRI scanner) is a cylindrical tube surrounded by a magnet.Inside is a moving table, which at the time of the study is the patient.In a survey of sliding table slides

inside the magnet.The scanner and the computer system that processes the images are in the next room.

When he appointed?

  • MRI coccyx area;:

patient is magnetic resonance imaging of the spine as a whole and its parts can be assigned

  • MRI of the lumbar;
  • thoracic MRI;
  • cervical MRI.
  • indications for MRI of the spine are:

    • anomalies of the musculoskeletal system.
    • destructive processes (tuberculous spondylitis, osteomyelitis, etc.).
    • back pain of various etiologies.
    • inflammatory disease (eg spondylitis, ankylosing spondylitis).
    • Degenerative-dystrophic lesions of intervertebral discs and vertebral bodies.
    • Circulatory disorders and vascular abnormalities of the spinal cord.
    • Demyelinating disease.
    • planning surgery on the spine, as well as monitoring of its effectiveness.

    MRI of the cervical spine is prescribed in the following situations:

    • spinal canal stenosis.
    • short neck syndrome.
    • Deforming spondylosis of the cervical spine.
    • metastases in the cervical spine.
    • Pathological changes in the spinal cord (the cervical spine).

    main indications for MRI of the thoracic spine are:

    • Acute disorders of the spinal circulation.
    • acquired and congenital defects in the structure or the spine.
    • Tumors of the thoracic spine.
    • Demyelinating processes.

    MRI of the lumbar spine appoint persons suffering from the following disease states:

    • spinal canal stenosis.
    • Lyumbalizatsiya and sanctification of the vertebral bodies.
    • Anomalies of the spine in the lumbar region.
    • metastases in the lumbar spine.

    indications for MRI coccyx area are:

    • pain syndrome of unknown origin.

    When osteochondrosis, suspected hernia and protrusion of the intervertebral discs, fractures, sprains and other injuries can be assigned to MRI of the spine as a whole and its particular department.

    How to prepare?

    Before the start of the spine MRI the patient is obliged to inform the doctor about all your diseases, as well as the operations that were carried out recently.If MRI requires the introduction of a contrast agent, the patient should be mandatory to inform the radiologist about the presence of allergy to a particular drug.Women are required before the test tell your doctor about the possible pregnancy.

    patient removes all jewelry, watches, dentures, hairpins or other metal objects as well as clothing that includes their spine MRI before the procedure.Then, the patient puts on a medical shirt.If the patient suffers from claustrophobia or a strong wave, he is introduced to the study of light sedation.

    Contraindications The main contraindications to MRI of the spine are:

    • Inadequate mental behavior.
    • Severe chronic diseases in the stage of severe decompensation.
    • presence in the patient of different metal bodies, pacemaker, metal pins, designs for osteosynthesis.

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