MRI teeth - indications and contraindications

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. Contraindications

3. How to prepare?

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the teeth - modern and informative method of research, which is used to diagnose diseases of the teeth, as well as soft and hard tissues of the jaw.

On examination the patient is placed on a narrow platform on the back of the scanner.To secure the body in position using pillows and belts.Then the platform is moved to the annular portion scanner, where it remains during diagnosis.

During the MRI apparatus using the open-loop radiating part of the equipment is located directly above the platform, and the sick - in open space.This allows the procedure to those who suffer from claustrophobia.In addition, such equipment has no restrictions on the patient's weight.

scan result is a series of thin sections from which the computer builds a volumetric three-dimensional model of the surveyed area.During the procedure, the patient should be in a stationary state so as not to affect the shar

pness of images.The study duration is approximately 30 minutes.

When he appointed?

indication for magnetic resonance imaging of the jaw and teeth are:

  • Extraneous sounds when moving the lower jaw to the side, opening and closing the mouth.
  • involuntary movements of the jaw.
  • Malocclusion.
  • negative consequences of removal or dental treatment.
  • pain and discomfort during chewing and movement of the mandible.
  • Spasms of the jaw muscles when closing or opening the mouth.
  • difficulties in the movement of the lower jaw.

Since many dental diseases include not only the tooth itself and its solid part, MRI is indicated for the study of oral soft tissue.Diagnosis helps identify inflammation tooth shells, diseases of the gums and tooth pulp, cystic formation.

In addition, this type of survey shows people suffering mandibular joint disease.These tomograph images enable professionals to study in detail the state of cartilage (meniscus change of position, the surfaces of the joints, joint disk damage).MRI also need teeth during implantation, especially if it is combined with reconstructive maxillofacial surgery.

Contraindications Contraindications to the appointment of magnetic resonance imaging of the teeth are similar to any other MRI procedures.It is the presence of a pacemaker, metal, ferromagnetic, electronic implants, hemostatic clips, electronic devices in the body of the patient, as well as the first trimester of pregnancy, claustrophobia and extremely serious condition of the patient.Precautions MRI teeth assigned to patients who have metal implants in neobsleduemyh bodies.

How to prepare?

Special training for MRI teeth is required.The only thing it should be recalled - it is necessary to inform a specialist on the availability of dental implants, pins or braces (these things can affect image quality).The doctor did not cancel the MRI procedure, but will make some adjustments in the survey, in particular, change the settings of the scanner.

It is worth to take a place and an X-ray picture, which establishes the pins or implants - it is much easier procedure.

Since the work is accompanied by a rather intense scanner noise, sometimes sampled person offer ear plugs or special headphones.

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