Features of computed tomography (CT ) of the joints


1. When appointed?

2. How to prepare?

3. Contraindications

Computed tomography (CT) of the joints is a reliable and accurate method of diagnosis, with which you can take pictures of the bone joints in the transverse and longitudinal projections.This study makes it possible to study the structure of the joints, diagnose acute and chronic diseases, injuries, and even the smallest cracks and prescribe the effective treatment.

main advantages of CT Joints:

  • minimal time.
  • safe, painless and highly informative procedure.
  • ability to get pictures of the maximum accuracy and high resolution.
  • Minimal impact of radiation on the body.
  • ability to get "posrezovye" images of joints in any plane.

most often exposed to the study:

  • knee;
  • elbow;
  • the hip joint;
  • shoulder joint.

CT knee joint to diagnose oncological processes, trauma, arthritis and many other diseases.With this procedure, the physician can carefully examine the state of the joint space, as well as to choose the m

ost effective treatment.

CT elbow joint helps healthcare professional to identify osteoarthritis, arthritis, chronic injuries, fresh elbow injury (fracture, dislocation, etc..), Rheumatic changes, tumors and metastases in the articular or periarticular tissues.

CT hip to determine the diameter of the femoral head, and to calculate the distance between it and the cavity of the ilium, the whereabouts of fractured bone fragments, to detect foci of inflammation and foreign body, to determine the tactics of treatment.

CT shoulder joint makes it possible to detect inflammation, cancer, the presence of fluid in the bursa, necrotic change in the head of the humerus, to diagnose the injury and determine the causes of outside noise when driving.This study also helps the doctor to study in detail the structure of tissues, to make an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.

When he appointed?

Computed tomography of joints shall be appointed under the following disease states:

  • arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoarthritis.
  • injury (rupture of the joint capsule, sprains, fractures, fractures, subluxations, meniscus injury, hematoma in the tissues).
  • Osteochondropathy.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Multiple myeloma.
  • destruction in sepsis, osteomyelitis, tuberculosis of bones.
  • diffuse connective tissue disease characterized by lesions of the musculoskeletal system (psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout).

addition, CT is indicated for joint presence of a foreign body in them, pain of unknown origin, suspected benign or malignant tumors of cartilage and bone.This procedure is done before and after surgery to monitor the patient's condition over time.In addition, it is used to determine concentrations of blood and synovial fluid.CT scans are also used to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment of joint diseases.

How to prepare?

Computed tomography of joints is performed on an outpatient basis.A special preparation of this study from the patient requires.If the procedure involves the use of contrast agent, the patient prior to the examination must inform the doctor about the presence of allergic reactions and severe diseases.

Contraindications Contraindications to the appointment of KT joints are: pregnancy, overweight (over 120 kg), as well as allergy to iodine or iodine-containing drugs.

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