What is a gastroscopy the stomach and how it is spent ?


1. Contraindications

2. When appointed?

3. How to prepare?

Gastroscopy is the endoscopic examination, during which a medical expert assesses the state of the duodenum, antrum of the stomach and esophagus.This procedure is carried out using a special tool, which is called gastroscope (a flexible tube (probe) with fiber-optics).This tool is introduced into the stomach through the mouth and esophagus.

gastroscopy may only conduct training doctors-endoscopists.Before performing this procedure, the patient's throat is treated with lidocaine (as a spray).This helps to reduce discomfort.Sometimes doctors resort to sedatives, which is administered intramuscularly.In some clinics stomach gastroscopy performed under general anesthesia.In general anesthesia, as a rule, require children under six years old, and those with mental disorders.

During the study, the expert considers the surface of the duodenum, stomach and esophagus.If necessary, the doctor makes a video or take photographs

, and keeps a record of the image.In transendoskopicheskaya pH monitoring or a biopsy may be performed during the procedure.Also, during the gastroscopy medspetsialisty spend some therapeutic manipulation (removal of polyps, stop bleeding, administration of drugs, etc.).The main side effect of this procedure is an unpleasant sensation in the throat, which usually takes 24-48 hours.

Contraindications Contraindications to classical gastroscopy are:

  • stenosis (narrowing) of the third degree of the stomach;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • condition after stroke and myocardial infarction;
  • aortic aneurysm;
  • coronary heart disease (CHD) of the third degree;
  • hysteria and mental disorders.

If the patient suffers from the above pathologies, he is appointed by gastroscopy without probe.This method is carried out by means of a gastroscopy videocapsule MiroCamTM.Inside this capsule is sensitive video sensor.The size of the capsule - 11 * 24 mm.

main advantages are gastroscopy without probe:

  • safety of use;
  • highly informative;
  • absence of contraindications.

When appointed?

gastroscopy is indicated for the detailed study of the gastric mucous layer of the esophagus and duodenum with suspected bleeding from these organs, tumors, ulcers of the stomach or duodenum.Also, this procedure is carried out with esophagitis, gastritis and duodenitis.

addition, gastroscopy assigned as additional studies in other diseases (neurosis, allergies, etc.).

How to prepare?

Prior to the above survey is obliged to inform the patient of the doctor-endoscopist about the presence of an allergic reaction to medication, as well as the presence of diseases (eg, diabetes).Gastroscopy stomach is strictly on an empty stomach.The last meal should be eight to ten hours before the procedure.

In some cases, prior to the gastroscopy patient makes premedication (injection of a sedative (sedative) drug) or local anesthesia of the tongue (by spray anesthetic).In the case of a general anesthetic drug is administered intravenously.

As for gastroscopy without the probe, on the eve of the manipulation of the past two days the patient should only eat liquid food and grated, avoiding alcoholic beverages, beans and cabbage.

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