1. When appointed?
3. How to prepare?
Bronchography - radiographic examination of the bronchi and trachea, which is carried out with the injection of contrast agent.With this diagnostic method can visualize the contour of the tracheobronchial tree, find a cavity, which communicate with the air ways, a detailed examination of bronchial lumen in all departments.
Bronchography carried out on the operating table or dentist's chair.The patient should take a comfortable position and relax as much as possible - this will facilitate the implementation of the procedure.The study was conducted after the treatment of the nasal passage, nasopharynx, trachea and larynx spray topical anesthetic.When combined with bronhografii biopsy and bronchoscopy and general anesthesia may be used in pediatric practice.
After anesthesia the patient through the nose or mouth into the trachea introduced a flexible catheter and advance it to the bronchi.This manipulation is performed
If the diagnosis is carried out in an outpatient setting, the patient is allowed to return to the normal rhythm of life in a day.
The following indications bronhografii:
Contraindications to bronhografii purpose are: allergic reactions to iodinated contrast, the acute phase of stroke, drug intolerance to anesthetics, arterial hypertension, a significant narrowing of the larynx and trachea, heart rhythm disorders, abdominal pain,disorders of the central nervous system (epileptic seizures, acute period of craniocerebral trauma and so forth.).In addition, research is contraindicated in patients with recent myocardial infarction, and those who are in a serious condition.
Relative contraindications to perform bronhografii are acute respiratory infections (colds, flu), as well as alcoholism, angina, diabetes, the second half of pregnancy.
the day of diagnosis of the patient should be carefully observe good oral hygiene.If the examinee wears dentures, it must remove them before bronchography.Also, before the procedure to help.
If the study will take place under local anesthesia, the patient should not eat the food 2 hours before the test (if general anesthesia during abstinence increases).It is also a sedative before the procedure is introduced to suppress the cough reflex and pharyngeal.Next, using a spray performed anesthesia of the mouth, after which the catheter is inserted into the trachea or bronchoscope.
If you plan to general anesthesia, sedation is not required.The patient inhales the drug through a mask and then held intubation.
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