When the assigned and how is arthroscopy ?

Contents:

1. When appointed?

2. Contraindications

3. How to prepare?

arthroscopy - a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed for the treatment or diagnosis of damage to the inside of the joint.The advantage of this method over conventional surgery is that it is not necessary to fully open the joint.Instead, the orthopedic surgeon makes the skin surface of the subject three cuts and enters through one arthroscope.As this device consists of a lighting system and a small lens (magnifying glass), a specialist has the ability to highlight and study in detail the structure of the joint from the inside in an enlarged view.Using the arthroscope surgeon identifies joint injury or the injury, and concludes on the need for reconstructive surgery.If it is required, the two other section introduces additional surgical instruments.After surgery, sterile punctures are sealed or sewn labels.Thanks to this method of operation recovery after arthroscopy does not take much time.Also because of th

e small size incision scars after research remains virtually invisible.The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, the patient returns home after a few hours after surgery, recovery after arthroscopic surgery is quick and virtually no complications.

When he appointed?

To diagnose different types of arthritis is primarily assigned x-ray inspection is carried out, we studied the history of the disease.Sometimes, to deliver an adequate diagnosis of these procedures is not enough, so the appointed arthroscopy.It helps to identify the following problems of the joints:

  • Chondromalacia (softening of the cartilage).
  • carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • syndrome is compression of the shoulder rotator.
  • breaking off fragments of cartilage or bone.
  • dislocation and joint inflammation.
  • torn meniscus knee, anterior cruciate ligament, the muscles of the shoulder girdle.

Contraindications

Despite a number of advantages that characterize arthroscopy, there are some contraindications.In particular, the diagnosis is not recommended for persons with pathologies of the cardiovascular system and central nervous system, septic arthritis, bone tuberculosis, osteomyelitis.

How to prepare?

Preoperative preparation usually includes an ECG and laboratory tests (urine and delivery of blood samples).These analyzes data to help prevent possible complications before and after the procedure.The night before arthroscopy is not desirable to eat, and especially alcoholic beverages.Drinking alcohol makes it necessary to use high doses of drugs for anesthesia.This can greatly harm the body of the patient.

also need to remove hair on the part of the body to be operated on.This requires more careful preoperative antiseptics processing, which, in turn, prevents the development of infectious complications.

At night should perform the bowel clean.It is not necessary to put a cleansing enema, you can use tools specifically designed for preoperative bowel cleansing.In the morning before the procedure is necessary to abstain from all food and fluid intake.Immediately before the operation the patient and the anesthesiologist examines on the basis of clinical examination and laboratory results assigns the safest method of anesthesia.

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