Ovary - structure, functions , possible diseases


1. ovarian structure

2. ovarian function

3. ovarian disease

ovary is a paired female sex gland, which is located in a small cavitypelvis.In the opinion of anatomists, left ovary slightly smaller than the right.This gland has two main functions - reproductive and hormonal.

ovarian structure

The above iron has an oval shape.Its length is an average of 3.5 cm width - 2.5 cm, thickness - 1.5 cm. One end is attached to the uterus of the ovary, and the other facing the fallopian tube.The mature ovary is composed of medulla, cortex and gates.At the gate, there are: nerve bundle, bundle of lymph and blood vessels, connective tissue, as well as hilusnye cells.

At the heart of the cortex placed follicles, yellow and white body.One follicle develops in one menstrual cycle.At the site of the follicle exposed ovulation, the corpus luteum is formed.If fertilization does not happen, then the corpus luteum is replaced by a white body.


The ovaries produce hormones such

as estrogens and androgens.Androgens (androstenedione and testosterone) are intermediate to the synthesis of estrogens (estrone and estradiol).With regard to estrogen, they form the signs of the female body - the internal and external genitalia, breasts, body hair armpits and pubic area.

addition, are ovarian follicle egg at fertilization to give life to another body.The corpus luteum, which is produced at the site of the follicle, if pregnancy occurs allocates a hormone like progesterone promotes nurturing and preserving fruit.

ovarian disease

Diseases of female genitals in most cases accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • abdominal pain;
  • violation of puberty;
  • uterine bleeding;
  • menstrual disorders;
  • infertility.

Complex gynecological examination (examination, blood test for hormones, ultrasound) makes it possible to detect ovarian disease and the specific reasons for its occurrence.

One of the most common diseases of female genitalia is an inflammation of the ovaries.The inflammatory process in the ovaries can cause a variety of bacteria (Trichomonas, gonococci, mycoplasma, chlamydia, and so on.).Sometimes inflammation of the glands of the data trigger microorganisms, which in a healthy female body are completely safe.According to the feedback doctors, including special inflammation of the ovaries can easily move to the fallopian tubes.

ovarian inflammation manifested by the following symptoms:

  • belly bearing down, aching pain, which is systematically given in the sacrum or lower back;
  • discomfort during sex;
  • fever with chills;
  • dysuria;
  • copious clear discharge from the vagina;
  • menstrual disorders.

ovarian Treatment of this illness is usually conservative.It includes receiving antiinflammatory, antibacterial and antifungal agents.In some cases, doctors prescribe more restorative treatments, vitamins and anti-histamines.Ignoring the treatment of ovarian can lead to infertility.

Polycystic ovaries also is a common disease of women, who are suffering as a mature woman and young girls.Ovarian cyst is a follicle from which the egg can not penetrate into the abdominal cavity.At the same illness do not ovulate, and conception is impossible.

The fairer sex with polycystic ovaries have a characteristic appearance:

  • acne;
  • hirsutism (excessive hair growth on the body);
  • increased pigmentation;
  • obesity.

polycystic ovarian Treatment is to reduce concentrations of male sex hormones (androgens), as well as normalization of the menstrual cycle.Women with this disease oral contraceptives are assigned to a therapeutic effect.

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