Endocrine glands - structure, functions , diseases


1. structure of endocrine glands

2. diseases of the endocrine glands

3. Treatment of endocrine glands

Endocrine gland - the gland is responsible for the synthesis of hormonesthat enter the lymphatic or blood (venous) capillaries.This is the main function of the endocrine glands.Hence, too, come and support tasks: participation in metabolic processes, regulation of growth and development, maintaining a normal body's internal environment.

structure of endocrine glands

The endocrine system consists of the following organs:

  • parathyroid glands;
  • islets;
  • the thyroid gland;
  • hypothalamus;
  • ovaries and testicles;
  • pituitary.

During gestation baby's placenta is also an endocrine gland.The pituitary gland is called the main endocrine gland.It stimulates the release of hormones that affect the rest of the endocrine glands, and supervises their work.Also, some of the hormones produced by the pituitary gland directly affect the biochemical processes in the body.The hypothalamus

secretes hormones that suppress or, conversely, activating function of the pituitary.

parathyroid glands control the concentration of calcium and phosphate.The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that affect the activity of the whole organism.The pancreas secretes insulin necessary for the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the body.As you can see the structure of endocrine glands complicated enough, all of this system is closely interconnected with each other.

diseases of the endocrine glands

Usually endocrine disease appear due to metabolic disorders.Such failures may occur mainly due to a lack of essential minerals in the body.Most endocrine disorders are the result of injuries, severe intoxication, diseases of other organs and systems, disruptive body.

pathology of the endocrine glands include diseases such as:

  • erectile dysfunction;
  • diabetes;
  • obesity;
  • thyroid disease.

also in violation of a full-fledged operation of the endocrine system may occur cardiovascular disease, joint problems, and gastrointestinal tract.Accordingly, the normal operation of the endocrine system - an important step on the path to health and longevity.

Treatment of endocrine glands

At the present time, both in traditional and in alternative medicine known many different methods by which the cure of diseases of the endocrine glands.Selection of an adequate method is carried out with a focus on the kind of pathological process, its development and the specificity of the individual characteristics of the patient.In total, the therapy involves the use of multiple methods simultaneously:

  • The use of hormonal drugs.If the causes of the disease has become insufficient or excessive activity of the glands, before doctors is a problem of normalization of the functions of the endocrine glands.To this end, the body or substance administered hormones that inhibit or stimulate the work element opposite the endocrine system.
  • Appointment restorative anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics.
  • use of irradiation (for the destruction of damaged cells in cancer).
  • treatment with radioactive iodine.This substance helps after removal of malignant tumors to destroy metastases, as well as get rid of the "stocks" of hormones.
  • Surgical methods.When the tumors that affect the endocrine system, you need surgery.Given the severity of the disease, can be removed completely or only the iron part.

endocrine treatment also requires compliance with sparing diet.The patient's diet includes fruits, vegetables, meats, nuts, and other foods, saturated with useful trace elements and vitamins.

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