1. Structure and function of the small intestine
2. rupture of small intestine
3. Diseases of the small intestine
small intestine (TC) is the mostlong gastrointestinal tract that lies between the stomach and cecum.Food for the mass of the intestine is approximately four hours.The main functions of the small intestine are considered chemical processing chyme (bolus) and the absorption of nutrients.
The above intestine is long (from two to five meters) of the hollow tube that starts from the stomach and ends at the ileocecal angle.Anatomists TC is divided into three parts:
small intestine performs a number of functions, the main ones being:
When comparing TC with all other organs of the abdominal cavity, it is often exposed to traumatic injuries.This is a considerable length and insecurity of the bowel area.
most common mechanism of traumatic injury TC is strong enough or a direct blow to the stomach, which leads to pressing of bowel loops to the spine or pelvis, as well as damage to their walls.
rupture of the small intestine accompanied by a state of shock and significant internal bleeding.
Judging by the reviews of medical specialists, the only way to treat intestinal rupture is surgery, which is performed on an emergency basis.During the operation performed hemostasis (cessation of bleeding), eliminated a source of intestinal contents into the abdominal cavity of receipt, restored normal intestinal permeability, and also carried out a thorough reorganization of the peritoneum.The sooner after injury TC to perform an operation, the higher will be the interest on the recovery of the patient.
Almost all small bowel diseases have similar symptoms and appear flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhea and rumbling.At the time of a small bowel disease in patients stool copious, frequent, with a lot of mucus, and the remnants of undigested food.As for the blood, it is in such ailments in the stool is very rare.
most common disease of the small intestine is considered enteritis (inflammation) that is as acute and chronic.Called acute enteritis usually pathogenic microflora.With proper treatment in a few days from TK inflammation is not a trace remains.Chronic enteritis, in addition to digestive symptoms, characterized by general weakness, weight loss and anemia.Sometimes people with chronic enteritis observed perleches, glossitis, stomatitis, night blindness, corneal dryness and osteoporosis.
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