Colon - function and treatment of diseases


1. structure colon

2. functions colon

3. Diseases colon

4. Treatment of colon

Thickcolon (TC) - is the end of the digestive system.This body is in the abdomen (near the pelvis).colon length varies between one and two meters.The average diameter - four to ten centimeters.

structure colon

Anatomists divide the TC into several sections:

  • cecum with appendix.
  • The colon (ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid).
  • rectum.

cecum is in the transition region of the ileum in the TC.The length of the body is six to eight centimeters and a diameter - seven centimeters.

cecum ends with the beginning of the ascending colon, which becomes a cross.The transverse colon in the left side of the abdominal cavity moves downward in the gut, which connects the left iliac fossa with sigmoid length ranges from sixteen to sixty-seven centimeters.Sigmoid colon on each side is covered by peritoneum.To the rear of the abdominal wall of the intestine is attached mesentery.

rectum - is the last of the large intestine.The narrowest part is called the anal canal, which ends with the anus (anus).

walls of the colon have four layers:

  • mucosa.
  • submucosal layer.
  • muscle layer.
  • serous membrane.

colon functions

main functions of the colon are:

  • Digestive.This function is in the handling of food debris enzymes.
  • suction.Nutrients and water from the descending, ascending colon and blind departments spread through the lymph and blood channels to all organs.
  • Motor.Colon and reduces the muscular contraction frequency increases, thereby providing continual promotion of gastrointestinal contents through the digestive tract.

addition, the TC through the anus displays useless and toxic substances.

colon diseases

inflammation of the colon called colitis.Today, this disease is the most common disease of the gastrointestinal tract.The main instigators of the disease are considered various infections, a gross violation of food, as well as entry into the body of industrial and household poisons.Sometimes colitis repeatedly occur as an independent disease, having an immune nature, or as a result of violations that have occurred in the stomach or small intestine.

Today medspetsialisty distinguish acute, chronic, spastic and ulcerative colitis.The main symptoms of these diseases are: appearance in the feces mixed with blood and mucus, lethargy, fatigue, loss of appetite, flatulence, pyrexia and diarrhea.If we talk about ulcerative colitis, it is accompanied by the formation of ulcers and cramping pain in the lower abdomen.

outgrowths of the mucous intestinal wall called polyps of the colon.This proliferation of mucous may have a form of the fungus, the world and the hemisphere.Colon polyps are benign tumors, which often degenerate into cancer.Proliferation data polyps prevents normal bowel motility, which usually leads to intestinal obstruction.Most polyps occurs without any symptoms.Sometimes patients complain of abdominal pain and the appearance of the stool blood and mucus.

Treatment of colon

As for the treatment of colon, it includes therapeutic enema, a special diet and medication (bacterial drugs, vitamins, antispasmodics, analgesics, laxatives and sedatives, preservatives and so on.).

Speaking of polyps of the colon, then they are removed surgically.Searing polyps by using electrocoagulation.

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