1. structure of the larynx
2. Diseases of the larynx
3. Treatment larynx
throat - is the upper part of the breathing tube, which is at the level of the fourth-sedmogo vertebrae.This body is attached to the sides of schitopodyazychnoy gland, as well as by schitopodyazychnoy membrane connected to the hyoid bone.The larynx acts as a motion device having a cartilage, which are connected with ligaments and joints muscles, making it possible to adjust the variation of the glottis and vocal cords.
structure of the larynx - a skeleton of paired and unpaired cartilages.By unpaired cartilages are: epiglottic, thyroid and cricoid cartilages.Man cartilages are wedge-shaped, rozhkovidnye and arytenoid cartilage.Cartilage above body are interconnected ligaments and joints.Regarding the free space, it is filled membranes.During the movement of air occurs tension of the vocal cords, after which each cartilage begins to play a role in shaping the sound.Movement of
Home laryngeal function - is the formation of sounds and speech.Incoming air through the larynx, provoking oscillation of the vocal cords, resulting in the formation of sounds.The circulating air flow in the larynx, pharynx and oral cavity is regulated by the nervous system.
throat has muscles of the vocal apparatus, which anatomists have divided into:
Illnesses larynx tend to be allergic, infectious and inflammatory in nature.The most common diseases of the larynx are:
larynx Treatment is carried out depending on the type and cause of the disease.If the disease is allergic in nature, the patient is prescribed antihistamines.If the disease is an inflammatory origin, medspetsialisty prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs.With regard to the nature of infectious diseases, they are usually treated with antibiotics.
In addition, during the illness must adhere to silence and to avoid even the minimum voltage ligaments.Heat, tranquility, and also compresses the neck also be present in the treatment larynx.
Contents: 1. kidney structure 2. Kidney Diseases 3. Diagnosis and treatment of renal Kidney is paired excretory organ locate...
Contents: 1. structure of the renal artery 2. Renal artery stenosis 3. Aneurysm of renal artery 4. thrombosis of renal artery...
Contents: 1. main function of the sweat glands 2. Diseases sweat glands 3. removal of sweat glands Sweat glands (pancreas) a...