The brain - the structure , function and possible pathology


1. brain Departments

2. main functions

3. Concussion

4. Vascular disease

brain ispart of the central nervous system and is within the cranium.The structure of the body is based on a neural network, the connection between the components which is provided via synapses.By organ cells are neurons and glial cells.Eating this important part of the human body it is carried out by the largest vessels of the brain - the three arteries (two internal carotid and one major).

brain Departments

The brain consists of the following departments:

  • hindbrain, containing a bridge and the cerebellum;
  • telencephalon;
  • medulla;
  • diencephalon consisting of hypothalamus and thalamus, as well as two pairs of crankshafts bodies;
  • midbrain.

connection between the above parts of the brain have functional and anatomical.

main functions

It is well known that all the parts of the brain separately specialize in performing different functions.However, you can submit them to the general c

haracteristic as follows:

  • processing of information coming from the sensory organs;
  • formation of emotions;
  • thinking;
  • coordination and management of the movements

In addition to the function of the brain is the ability of speech perception and concentration.


brain Even though an impressive defense, which has the authority, it is subject to different tests, for example, such as a concussion.If this condition can be brief loss of consciousness.Patient complaints are headaches, nausea, vomiting, seizures, dizziness and excessive sweating and occurrence of tinnitus.The bones of the skull are free from damage and any abnormalities in vital functions are observed.Often, the general condition of the victim improves on the first or second day after the injury.When a concussion diagnosis includes X-ray examination.Medical treatment for jolt is directed mainly at restoring normal body condition, as well as the elimination of insomnia, relief of pain and dizziness.The doctor may also prescribe medications, analgesics, sedatives and hypnotics.In addition, in some cases, treatment of concussion involves conducting vascular and metabolic processes to restore the disturbed brain function.

Vascular disease

brain energy and oxygen supply, the power is performed brain vessels - three arteries, which were mentioned above.Quite often there are disorders of cerebral circulation, triggered by vascular pathology.Foremost among these include strokes, cerebral arteriosclerosis, aneurysm, vascular and other diseases.

vascular aneurysm affects the brain artery that nourishes the body.Hemorrhage (intracerebral or subarachnoid) can lead to neurological disorders and even death.The best treatment of the aneurysm is the timely diagnosis and removal of it from the bloodstream.

Cerebral atherosclerosis appears against the background of failure, endocrine and biochemical processes, after which there is dysfunction of the cerebral circulation.Patients complain of poor memory, disturbance of mental function.When cerebral atherosclerosis brain treatment involves the use of drugs and agents with anti-inflammatory action.

Strokes - a cerebrovascular accident.The risk is as follows: smoking, advanced age, suffering from heart disease and diabetes.The symptoms of stroke are distinct and sharp sudden character.At the stroke of brain oxygen treatment involves a course, vascular therapy, restorative treatment procedures (physiotherapy, exercise therapy, massage).

Latest Blog Post

Tibia - the structure , the possible pathology
August 12, 2017

Contents: 1. structure tibia 2. cyst tibia 3. fracture tibia tibia (BBK) isa long and large shin bone.This consists of two b...

Femur - structure and possible pathologies
August 12, 2017

Contents: 1. Anatomy femur 2. necrosis of the femoral 3. fracture femur Femur (BC) is the longest andlarge tubular bones of ...

Anal sphincter - the structure , possible diseases
August 12, 2017

Contents: 1. structure of the anal sphincter 2. anal sphincter defects Anal sphincter (AU), which consists of several parts, is ...