oncologist is a medical professional who deals with the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant neoplasms (pre-cancerous disease, cancer, melanoma, and so on.).This doctor treats all the organs of the human body affected by cancer.At the reception to the oncologist written by people of all ages - from children to the elderly.
What oncologist treats?
In the opinion of medical experts, the oncologist treats such diseases as:
- Acute leukemias.
- skin melanoma.
- Multiple myeloma.
- Neuroendocrine tumor formation.
- soft tissue sarcoma.
- uterine fibroids.
- mediastinal tumors.
- tumors of the central nervous system.
Inspection Initial inspection of the professional based on the patient's complaints.medical oncologist actions are as follows:
- Medical history (the history of the disea
se) and clarification of symptoms troubling the patient.
- Visual inspection and palpation (palpation) bodies.
- Assigning a specific type of analysis.
most common tests that during the consultation appoints oncologist (patient testimonials prove it) are:
- Blood tests for the presence of tumor markers.
- study of biological fluids (discharge, urine, blood, etc.).
- sensitivity Definition tumors to treatment.
The main diagnostic methods that can be used by a specialist in oncology include:
- instrumental method: bronchoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, fibrocolonoscopy, fibrogastroscopy and so on.
- ray method: computed tomography, ultrasonography, radiography, magnetic resonance imaging.
- biopsy (a method of in vivo studies of tissues).
when necessary to consult an oncologist?
for consultation to the oncologist obliged to enroll the person suffering from the following symptoms:
- Signs indicating bleeding from internal organs (blood in the urine or faeces, blood from the genitalia, frequent nosebleeds).
- emergence of skin lesions, notable changes of moles and warts.Increasing or
- seal glands, in different parts of the seal body.
- significant weight loss.
- frequent fever, unexplained and prolonged fevers, pain in one or another area of the body.
- deterioration of vision, hearing, coordination.
- headaches of unknown origin.
- appearance of secretions from the breast or colon, diarrhea unreasonable.
- disappearance of appetite.
- sudden deterioration of general health.
- Prolonged discomfort in the area of a body (chest pressure, squeezing, or tickle in the throat, the pressure in the abdominal or pelvic organs).
expert tips in oncology
To prevent the development of benign and malignant tumors, should adhere to the following guidelines oncologists:
- profilaktiruet obesity (healthy diet, physical activity).
- Give up bad habits.
- Minimize intake of fatty foods.
- included in the daily menu of fresh fruit and vegetables, which provide the body with vitamins, minerals and anti-carcinogenic.
- Every day eat foods rich in pectin and fiber (fruits, vegetables, grains).
- Limit consumption of alcoholic beverages, as alcohol consumption increases the risk of breast cancer, esophagus, liver and mouth.
- Avoid consumption of smoked foods and foods containing nitrates.