1. Pharmacological action vikasol
2. Product form
3. Indications vikasol
7. use of menadione at monthly
8. Side effects vikasol
vikasol is a preparation of vitamin K improves trophism and regeneration of tissues when applied externally andIt is used as a nutritional enteral composition for enteral or oral application.
According sinstruktsiey, Vikasol is a water soluble analog of vitamin K3 obtained by synthesis.It promotes the synthesis of prothrombin and other clotting factors than normalizes the process.Lack of vitamin K in the body accompanied by the development of hemorrhagic events (bleeding).
prothrombin in human blood in the presence of calcium ions and thromboplastin, involving proconvertin, factors IX and X to thrombin proceeds under the influence of which the fibrinogen is transformed into fibrin.That it is the basis of a blood clot (thrombus).Upon receiving
drug inside the drug active substance is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, then it accumulates in the body, mainly in the liver, myocardium, spleen, followed by transformation into vitamin K2.
Up to 70% of vitamin K in the form of metabolites excreted by the kidneys in the urine.
drug produced in the form of ampoules with 1% solution for intramuscular injection of 1 ml, in a package of 10 pieces.There are also pills vikasol to 0,015 grams in a package of 25 pieces.
According to the instructions, Vikasol prescribed for jaundice due to delayed receipt of bile into the intestine, acute hepatitis, bleeding from internal organs and capillary bleeding, including in preparation for the surgery and after.The medicine is used to eliminate the bleeding gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
The drug is indicated for radiation disease, Crohn's disease, sprue, ulcerative colitis, violations of function of the small intestine and pancreas, small bowel resection.Injections and pills vikasol effective for the treatment of long-term diarrhea, dysentery, persistent nosebleeds and hemorrhoids.
in accordance with the instructions, the drug is prescribed in the last months of pregnancy to prevent bleeding in the newborn, as well as for the treatment of hemorrhagic disease (increased bleeding) in infants, including those who fall into a high risk group.These are babies born to mothers who were receiving receiving anticoagulants (including phenytoin).
vikasol Application in complex therapy is effective in stopping prolonged uterine bleeding in the period before the onset of puberty and perimenopause period, as well as bleeding in pulmonary tuberculosis.The drug is prescribed for the treatment of septic diseases, low blood prothrombin and while receiving funds, anticoagulants that inhibit the clotting process.
Reception vikasol tablets and other dosage forms it is not suitable for increased blood clotting, thromboembolism, hemolytic disease of the newborn or in case of hypersensitivity to the drug.
wary drug is prescribed for liver disease and during pregnancy.
drug is administered intramuscularly at 10-15 mg at a maximum daily dose for adults - 30 mg.Dosage vikasol tablets for adults is 15-30 mg for single dose at the maximum daily dose - 60 mg.For newborns
administered to 4 mg per day, for children up to 1 year - 5.2 mg per day, aged 2 - 6 mg per day, aged 3-4 years - 8 mg per day, 5-9years - 10 mg per day, 10-14 - 15 mg per day.The duration of drug treatment is 3-4 days, after which you need to make a 4-day break and repeat the course.
In diseases resulting in impaired flow of bile, should be applied parenteral administration of the drug.
According to the instructions, Vikasol reduces the effect of indirect anticoagulants.When concomitant administration with broad-spectrum antibiotics, you need to increase the dose of the drug.It should also be borne in mind that the simultaneous reception with hemolytic drugs increases the risk of side effects.
vikasol The instructions to indicate that the drug is not effective in hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
There is evidence that taking vikasol menstruation helps to reduce heavy bleeding.Keep in mind that the drug is effective only if the reason is heavy menstruation namely vitamin K deficiency in women, so the drug is not always gives the desired result.
Before using menadione at monthly necessarily need to be examined by a gynecologist and strictly abide by its recommendations.
In overdose possible hypervitaminosis of vitamin K, which is manifested by increased blood prothrombin and thrombin or bilirubin pigment.Also, side effects of menadione may be allergic reactions, such as facial flushing, skin rash, urticaria, pruritus, bronchospasm.Newborns can razitsya hemolytic disease.
Product description posted on this page is a supplement and a simplified version of the official version of the annotations to the drug.The information is provided for informational purposes only and is not a guide to self-medication.Before using the product you should consult with a specialist and to get acquainted with the instructions approved by the manufacturer.
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