Bactrim - instruction , application reviews

Contents:

1. Pharmacological action

2. Indications Bactrim

3. Instructions for Bactrim

4. Contraindications and side effects

Bactrim - a combined antimicrobial agent, the main operating components are sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.Available in the form of tablets, infusion solution, and syrup.Bactrim is also a suspension for the internal administration.

Pharmacological action

Bactrim has broad antibacterial and bactericidal action.The effect of the drug is based on the inhibition of the biosynthesis of folic acid and activation process in cells of microorganisms, which blocks the metabolism of the bacteria.The drug effectively treats intestinal, Hib, pertussis sticks, pathogens intestinal yersiniosis, tularemia, nocardiosis, coccidioidomycosis, legionellosis and pneumocystis pneumonia.

also Bactrim is active against staphylococci, streptococci, meningococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Salmonella, Listeria, fecal enterococci, Brucella, Shigella, Chlamydia, Vibrio cholerae, K

lebsiella, tsitrobakter, enterobacteria, parasites, Morganella, Toxoplasma, Serratia, actinomycetes and fungal pathogens.

Indications Bactrim

According to the instructions to Bactrim, use of the drug is indicated for the following infectious diseases:

  • Respiratory tract infections: chronic and acute bronchitis, exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, Pneumocystis and lobar pneumonia, bronchopneumonia,bronchiectasis.
  • gastrointestinal infections: cholera, typhoid and paratyphoid fever, cholangitis, gastroenteritis, cholecystitis, dysentery, salmonellonositelstvo.
  • infections of the genitourinary system: gonococcal urethritis, chancroid, cystitis, inguinal granuloma, pyelonephritis, gonorrhea, pyelitis, prostatitis, epididymitis, lymphogranuloma venereum.
  • Infections of the skin: acne, pyoderma, furunculosis, wound infections.
  • infections of upper respiratory tract: angina, scarlet fever, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media.
  • Other bacterial infections caused by a number of microorganisms: osteoarticular infection, brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, nocardiosis, acute and chronic osteomyelitis, aktinomitsetoma, South American blastomycosis, malaria.

Instructions for Bactrim

standard dose Bactrim children over 12 and adults is one tablet (taken twice a day, morning and evening).Long-term treatment (over 14 days), a single dose is reduced to half of the tablet, and in particularly severe infections administered a higher dose, which was 1.5 tablets.

standard dose Bactrim suspension to children from 12 years and adults is 4 scoops twice a day.With prolonged treatment, the rate of which is more than 14 days, a single dose was reduced to 2 scoops.In the case of particularly serious infections single dose increased to 6 scoops.The suspension

Bactrim children from 6 weeks to 5 months prescribed twice a day for half measuring spoon.For children from 6 months to 5 years, the optimal dose is one level measuring spoon of the drug twice a day for children aged 6 to 12 years - two scoops.In acute infectious diseases Bactrim dosage for children can be increased by 50%.

therapeutic effect of the drug lasts seven hours.In acute infectious diseases syrup, suspension tablets and Bactrim should take at least five days before until the patient will not occur the absence of symptoms of the infection.If no improvement occurs after seven days, the patient is necessary to re-evaluate the potential for therapy correction.

Contraindications and side effects

As stated in the instructions to Bactrim, the drug is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to its components, in particular, the tool does not prescribe in case of hypersensitivity to sulfonamide drugs.Bactrim is also not prescribed for kidney and liver failure, aplastic anemia and deficiency, leukopenia, agranulocytosis, deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, during pregnancy and lactation.

contraindication to receiving Bactrim is also a child up to 6 weeks.The drug is not administered to preterm infants.Patients with thyroid disease, asthma, and deficiency of folic acid drug is prescribed with caution.

Side effects of Bactrim may occur in relation to the urinary system (renal dysfunction, interstitial nephritis, hematuria, toxic nephropathy, oliguria, anuria, polyuria, hypercreatininemia, kristallurgiya increase in urea concentration), musculoskeletal (arthralgia, myalgia) and the respiratory system(bronchospasm, pulmonary infiltrates).

addition Bactrim may cause neutropenia development, megaloblastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, pseudomembranous enterocolitis, gastritis, gepatonekroz, hepatitis, cholestasis, glossitis, stomatitis, hypoglycemia, allergic reactions.

Reception Bactrim is also able to cause an increase in liver transaminases, abdominal pain, appetite loss, nausea, diarrhea and neurological disorders (headache, dizziness, rarely - depression, aseptic meningitis, tremor, lethargy, peripheral nephritis).

Attention!

Product description posted on this page is a supplement and a simplified version of the official version of the annotations to the drug.The information is provided for informational purposes only and is not a guide to self-medication.Before using the product you should consult with a specialist and to get acquainted with the instructions approved by the manufacturer.

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