31 May

Echinococcosis - Symptoms , Diagnosis and Treatment

Contents:

1. causes and modes of transmission of the disease

2. Symptoms echinococcosis

3. development of the disease in children

4. echinococcosis Diagnostics

5.Treatment of the disease

Echinococcosis - a parasitic disease of chronic course, which develops as a result of the impact on the human body of the larval form of a tape helminth Echinococcus granulosus.

causes and modes of transmission of the disease

There are two types of echinococcosis - gidatiozny (affects mainly the liver) and alveolar (usually affects the lungs).

parasites exist in the human body in the form of larvae.When gidatioznom echinococcosis larva looks like a twin-bubble at the alveolar - multicam bubble.Bubble (cyst) consists of an outer and inner shells.Inside the cyst fluid in the new buds are parasites.Cyst gradually increased in size, compressing the surrounding tissue.In this case violated the functions of organs and body systems.

Mature tapeworm worms are parasitic in the intestines of dogs

and, less frequently, cats.The eggs of the parasite into the environment with animal feces.They can be on soil, plants, vegetables, fruits.Humans can be infected with echinococcosis by eating the meat of an infected farm animals.In addition, there is also the most common way of infection by the parasite - failure to comply with hygiene rules.You can become infected with echinococcosis, without washing the collected strawberry.Or, if after playing with a dog, a man, not having washed his hands, starts to eat.

Once in the human body, pathogens of bowel disease are moved to the liver.There are cases, when the larvae are carried by the bloodstream throughout the body.As a result, light can be echinococcosis, gallbladder, kidney, spleen, heart and brain.

Symptoms echinococcosis

Depending on the pathways of the parasite, there are some signs of the disease.But there are also common symptoms of echinococcosis:

  • general weakness, fatigue, decreased performance;
  • frequently occurring headaches;
  • time improve the overall body temperature;
  • punctulate red rash on the skin.

These manifestations of the disease are caused by intoxication of life and food parasites of the body's response to infection.

echinococcosis Symptoms may not appear for months or even years after infection.

liver Echinococcosis occurs in 60% of cases of infection by the parasite.Disease development takes place in three stages, each with its characteristic features.

first stage.Usually asymptomatic.Sometimes the patient may feel heaviness in the right upper quadrant after a fatty meal.

second stage liver echinococcosis.Simultaneously with the manifestations of the general symptoms, there are signs of liver damage:

  • nausea or vomiting that occurs after eating spicy, fatty, fried foods;
  • occurrence and severity of pain in the right upper quadrant, especially after considerable physical exertion or heavy meals;
  • often marked by diarrhea;
  • enlargement of the liver and its pain on palpation.

When erroneous diagnosis at this stage often unsuccessfully treat inflammation of the liver.

third stage liver echinococcosis.There are complications as a result of rupture of the cyst and the spread of parasites on the human body.There have been serious violations of the work of all organs and body systems.

The most common complications are liver echinococcosis:

1.Nagnoenie cysts.

2.Razryv cysts.As a result of its contents into the blood stream.This is a dangerous complication that is characterized by pronounced allergic reactions.The patient has a rash on the body of varying intensity, narrow lumen of the respiratory tract, there is shortness of breath.The parasites enter the bloodstream and penetrate the human in many of his organs.

3.Sdavlivanie large cyst surrounding tissues.Depending on which organs are compressed, there are certain symptoms of those bodies.Most often the patient echinococcosis liver observed jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, the development of ascites (accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity).

hydatid disease often affects the human lungs.With the penetration of larvae of the pathogen to the lungs, where the cyst is formed, sometimes several cysts.The symptoms of lung echinococcosis called following:

  • chronic fatigue, malaise;
  • hacking dry cough, eventually acquiring an unpleasant odor;in the future it becomes wet, often streaked with blood in the allocated secret;
  • chest pain;

When festering cysts of the parasite and spread of pus, inflammation begins.They are accompanied by pneumonia and allergic reactions.

When cysts rupture with echinococcosis, the patient's condition becomes very severe.May develop inflammation of the pleural lung, shock and even death.

development of the disease in children

Echinococcosis most often in children develops after contact with an infected dog or cat.In addition, infection may result in the use of water, vegetables, fruits, which have been infected by the parasite.

echinococcosis in children Symptoms depend on the location of the originator of the larvae.This can be the lungs, liver, stomach wall, leather.

hydatid disease most commonly in children develops in the lungs.Affected children suffer from cough, which is accompanied by release of frothy mucus, often mixed with blood and an unpleasant odor.Then, there is shortness of breath, chest pain.

X-ray examination the doctor sees the shadow of the spherical form with clear contours.Echinococcosis in children is often complicated by suppuration hydatid cysts.Possible breakthrough of pus cysts in the bronchi.

echinococcosis Diagnostics

for proper diagnosis of the patient is carried out a survey, laboratory and instrumental analysis, X-ray examinations.

Laboratory tests.The diagnosis of echinococcosis make two types of laboratory tests:

  • confirming diagnosis - immunological tests that detect blood and cyst content specific proteins specific to the parasite;
  • reflecting the degree of damage to the body.

Instrumental methods.These methods of diagnosis of echinococcosis are ultrasound, X-ray techniques, laparoscopic method.

With these diagnostic methods echinococcosis determine the presence of cysts in various organs and systems of the body, the degree of destruction of these organs.

treatment of disease

echinococcosis treatment is carried out only by surgery.

Before and after the operation the patient is prescribed worming preparations.Most often used for the treatment of echinococcosis Vermoxum.In some cases, the use of the drug prior to surgery helps to delay the development of cysts or even reduce them.

When surgical treatment of echinococcosis cyst was removed from the capsule and surrounding tissues.

treatment echinococcosis alveolar form is not able to completely cure the disease.It merely temporarily alleviates the suffering of the patient.Remove only the large cysts to reduce the compression of the healthy part of the body.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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