1. Causes disease
2. symptoms of enterovirus infection
3. features of the disease in children
4. treatment of enterovirus infection
Enterovirusinfection - this is the name of the combined group of acute infectious diseases, which are caused by enteroviruses (intestinal virus).This disease is capable of hitting central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, muscles, lungs, liver and other organs.
source of enterovirus infection - a sick man, or man-virus carrier.The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets or fecal-oral route.Usually found enterovirus infection in young adults.But most of all, children are suffering from this disease.The greatest number of cases occurs in the summer-autumn period.After the disease in humans is formed by the immune system long enough - up to three years.
In the human enterovirus infection enters through the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract.As a result o
In most cases, the disease is asymptomatic.The bulk of the visible manifestations relates to the cold-like illnesses.But there are more serious forms of enterovirus infection with typical symptoms.
can identify the most common diseases that are caused by enteroviruses.
Herpangina.Symptoms of this type of enterovirus infection are red papules that occur in the oral cavity of the patient.They are formed in the first day of illness.After 1-2 days the papules are opened, forming the erosion, or disappear by 3-6 days of illness.The patient has slightly increased submandibular and cervical lymph nodes, may be a slight pain when swallowing, drooling.
Epidemic myalgia.The main feature of this type of enterovirus infection - acute pain in the muscles of the lower part of the chest, abdomen, back, legs.Pains appear for several days, have paroxysmal in nature.
meningeal syndrome.Its symptoms are headache, nausea, increased blood pressure.In addition, the patient's consciousness disorders are, lack of abdominal reflexes, rhythmic muscle contractions (clonuses), periodic gazodvigatelnye disorder.
Enterovirus fever.This is the most common type of enterovirus infection in adults.The disease is characterized by transient fever (within 2-4 days) without other distinct symptoms.
paralytic form of the disease.The most common symptoms of this type of enterovirus infections are acute flaccid paralysis of the legs, at least - hands.This patient manifested muscle pain.
Enterovirus rash.At 1-2 day of disease in the limbs, body, face the patient rashes appear pink.Usually the rash disappear within 2-5 days.
Respiratory or catarrhal form of enterovirus infection.It is characterized by symptoms such as rhinitis, nasal congestion, dry cough rare.Oropharyngeal mucosa hyperemic.Sometimes there are dyspepsia (digestive disorders).The patient recovers in 1-2 weeks.
gastroenteritis or intestinal form.Typical symptoms are watery diarrhea up to 5-10 times a day, infrequent vomiting, flatulence, abdominal pain.The patient may experience signs of mild intoxication.
myocarditis, hepatitis, eye disease and kidney failure.These types of enterovirus infection in adults are much more likely than children.these diseases are often characterized by severe.
Infection of enterovirus infection in children is possible by droplet infection or through shared with the sick child toys, household items.Experts also note the possibility of infection of the child in the use of raw water.
most commonly affects children 3-10 years.Children who are breastfed, there is immunity, the resulting mother through breast milk.However, this immunity is not stable and rapidly disappears after cessation of breastfeeding.
The child's body viruses penetrate the upper respiratory tract or mouth.Further, it migrates to lymph nodes.There viruses multiply and accumulate.Further development of the infection depends on the body's ability to resist the virus, the virus tendency to hit certain organs and body systems.
for enterovirus infection in children is characterized by the fact that the incubation period of the disease is 2-10 days (usually 2-5 days).Most often, the sudden onset of the disease, acute.It is accompanied by high fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, headache.The symptoms of enterovirus infection in children also include an increase in the axillary and cervical lymph nodes, spleen and liver.
Very often, young children suffer from intestinal form of the disease.
enterovirus infection treatment of this disease depends on the form of the disease, the severity of its course, and the general condition of the patient.
When mild and severe course of treatment of enterovirus infection is to remove the symptoms of the disease.With a high body temperature of the patient is prescribed antipyretic drugs.To reduce the catarrhal phenomena in the throat rinse is used, inhalations, alkaline water.
If the patient suffers from uncontrollable vomiting, appoint antiemetic drugs such as Reglan.To prevent dehydration as a result of frequent vomiting or diarrhea, the patient make intravenous injections of special solutions.
In the case of a bacterial infection in a patient is used antimicrobials.
for the prevention and treatment of enterovirus infection in adults and children use products containing interferon, often alpha interferon.Furthermore, it is proven effective in the treatment of this disease immunoglobulins (proteins involved in the formation of immune).
great importance in the treatment of enterovirus infection is of bed rest, vitamin-rich diet.The patient should drink a lot and often.This helps to eliminate toxins from the body and prevents dehydration.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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