Cirrhosis - causes, symptoms, stage treatment


1. reasons

2. Symptoms of liver cirrhosis

3. cirrhosis

4. Complications

5. Treatment of cirrhosis

Cirrhosis - a chronic, progressive disease, with the replacement of normal liver cells by connective tissue.Cirrhosis can occur as a consequence both of some liver diseases and as hepatitis, cholestasis and other diseases.

Cirrhosis is a late stage of a number of inflammatory diseases of the liver (eg, hepatitis) and other organs such as the heart.In some cases, cirrhosis is the result of heart failure.

death of liver cells is due to their damage and inflammation.In place of the damaged cells formed connective tissue that surrounds the healthy liver cells, however, carry out their functions can not.Cells avoid damage begin to actively divide, resulting in the formation of normal tissue sections, surrounded by connective tissue.As a result of violations of the body structure, it loses its ability to fully perform their functions.Liver failure is a consequence of the los

s of their liver function.


viral hepatitis can be distinguished among the main causes of the disease (primarily hepatitis B and C), as well as alcohol dependence.
Among other causes of cirrhosis can be noted viral liver disease, acute and chronic nature (hepatitis B, C and the D), alcoholic liver disease (alcoholic hepatitis), parasitic diseases of the liver (hydatid disease), diseases of the biliary system (cholestatic hepatitis), liver damage ina result of taking drugs (drug-induced hepatitis), metabolic disorders, wearing innate nature (galactosemia, disturbance of fat metabolism in the body), autoimmune liver diseases (autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis), as well as diseases of other organs (heart failure, thrombosis of the portalveins, etc.)

Symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver cirrhosis

development is fairly slow.In the early stages of the disease cirrhosis symptoms may not appear.Over time, such manifest symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver, weakness, drowsiness, fatigue, fall disability, loss of weight on the background of loss of appetite.Among other symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver can be identified jaundice in which the sclera eyes, oral mucosa and skin of the body take on a yellowish tint;redness of the palms, which occurs due to the increased blood flow to the skin in the palm;itching, increased which begins in most cases at night.Patients also notes a tendency to bleeding, frequent bruising.In the case of injury to the patient's blood for a long time can not be stopped.In most cases the formation of spider veins that appear on the skin in the form of a translucent vessel, which visually resemble spider legs or a star.

One of the most common symptoms of cirrhosis portal hypertension is a syndrome that occurs as a result of increasing pressure in the portal vein.Gate Vienna brings blood from the abdominal organs to the liver.With increased pressure in the portal vein blood flow away from the possibility of losing the abdominal cavity, resulting in its stagnation.

The main symptoms of portal hypertension syndrome can be isolated in a volume increase in the abdomen (ascites), which appears in response to fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity;the development of hemorrhoids, manifesting expansion and protrusion of the anus hemorrhoids;discomfort in the left upper quadrant, arising due to the increased volume of the spleen.The syndrome of portal hypertension also is characterized by swelling of the legs, varicose leg veins, veins on the surface of the stomach.

symptoms of cirrhosis develop slowly and gradually.Thus, a patient for a long time suffering from chronic liver disease, or any other organs may not notice its presence.


Despite the relatively slow course of the disease, there are three main stages of cirrhosis of the liver.

first stage of cirrhosis of the liver - the compensation stage, characterized by the absence of symptoms.During this period, intact liver cells operate at maximum operation mode.

second stage of cirrhosis of the liver - stage subcompensation, accompanied by the appearance of symptoms such as weight loss, fatigue, loss of appetite and a feeling of discomfort in the right upper quadrant.In this step resources healthy liver cells come to an end, whereby the body no longer continues to operate at full capacity.

third stage of cirrhosis of the liver - the stage of decompensation, which is manifested in liver failure, which in turn is accompanied by the development of jaundice, hepatic coma and portal hypertension.This stage of liver cirrhosis is a real threat to human life and requires emergency treatment and supervision of relevant experts.


The disease is characterized by the emergence of a number of dangerous to human life-threatening complications, among which bleeding from esophageal varices who underwent varicose;the accession of infection and progression of peritonitis;the development of liver cancer;hepatic coma, which is characterized by a large accumulation of toxins in the blood, which leads to brain damage.

Treatment of cirrhosis

should be noted that cirrhosis can not be cured completely.Treatment of cirrhosis in the early stages of braking lies in its development.Treatment of liver cirrhosis in the form of running based on the elimination of unpleasant symptoms and slowing the development of complications.

essence of the treatment of cirrhosis of the liver is to conduct appropriate therapy, which involves the use of diuretics, as well as adherence to a special diet, which means rejection of fatty and fried foods, alcohol.When ascites is recommended to abandon the consumption of salt.

the presence of viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis treatment includes carrying antiviral therapy to slow disease is recommended to take glucocorticoid hormones in autoimmune disorders.Treatment of cirrhosis of the liver as is the use of drugs, protect liver cells (hepatic), and drugs that reduce the pressure in the portal vein.Plasma exchange is carried out in case the liver can no longer function independently and cleanse the blood of toxins.

If symptoms of complications that led to the aggravation of the disease, the patient should be hospitalized immediately.

In some cases, surgery is performed.Shunt operations are carried out in order to create new ways of blood flow.Paracentesis conducted to remove fluid accumulated in the abdomen.In some cases, a liver transplant is required.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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