29 May

Chronic bronchitis - symptoms , exacerbation , treatment

Contents:

1. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis

2. Chronic obstructive bronchitis

3. Treatment of chronic bronchitis

4. Folk treatment of chronic bronchitis

Bronchitis - an inflammation of the bronchial mucosa.The disease has an acute and chronic forms.

Chronic bronchitis is a disease that manifests cough and sputum production for at least three months a year and at least two consecutive years.In addition, patients with chronic bronchitis is considered to be people who do not have a cough, but emit phlegm and swallow it.

This disease is quite common and usually it accompanies some viral disease.As indicated

specialists causes of bronchitis are mainly infections (adenovirus, influenza viruses, parainfluenza), bacteria (pneumococci, streptococci, Haemophilus, etc.). Also infections can cause bronchitis, toxic substances or allergens.Besides bronchitis often accompanies ARI, during which there is inflammation of the bronchi and airways.

Thus, the following types of bronchitis:

  • allergic;
  • viral;
  • bacterial;
  • fungal;
  • chemical.

the treatment of this disease is very important to turn to a specialist as soon as he will be able to understand the nature and causes of bronchitis, and appropriate treatment.

Symptoms of chronic bronchitis

Chronic bronchitis develops slowly, due to prolonged exposure to disease-causing factors on the bronchial mucosa.Therefore, immediately recognize the symptoms of chronic bronchitis hard.

This form of the disease is often found in the following categories of people:

  • smokers;
  • people residing in dusty environments;
  • patients suffering from chronic bacterial infection.

In the case of chronic bronchitis inflammation completely affects the bronchi, not only their surface layers, which leads to irreversible narrowing and deformation.

Symptoms of chronic bronchitis include shortness of breath, chronic cough and sputum production.

are the following forms of chronic bronchitis, depending on the nature of allocated sputum:

  • catarrhal (blennoptysis);
  • suppurative (purulent sputum).

In case of exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, purulent sputum becomes constant.As a result, there are toxicity symptoms such as sweating, weakness, fever, fatigue.

Depending on the state of lung ventilation, the following types of the disease:

  • obstructive bronchitis, under which no air violations;
  • obstructive bronchitis, which is characterized by a constant persistent violation of ventilation.

In the first case of lung ventilation capacity is normal and does not depend on the phase of the process, and has been a violation of bronchial patency and ventilation in chronic obstructive bronchitis.

As a rule, people are prone to chronic bronchitis in adults.Besides, there is not a disease itself, but due to the impact transferred bronchitis episodes of prolonged exposure to tobacco smoke bronchi or other harsh environmental factors.

Over time, the disease becomes chronic obstructive bronchitis or there is an exacerbation of chronic bronchitis.

Complications exacerbations of chronic bronchitis are emphysema, respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension, pneumonia.

In some cases, during coughing in chronic bronchitis patient can detect blood in the sputum.In this case, you should consult a doctor immediately, because under the guise of chronic obstructive bronchitis may hide serious diseases such as tuberculosis or lung cancer.

Chronic obstructive bronchitis

Obstructive form of the disease occurs first malosimptomno.Then she appears hoarse cough, and shortness of breath whistling in the morning, which disappears after expectoration.The main symptoms of chronic obstructive bronchitis are:

  • strong unproductive cough;
  • severe dyspnea on exertion and irritation of the respiratory tract;
  • wheezing on exhalation;
  • lengthening the exhalation phase.

Treatment of chronic bronchitis

Experts say that the treatment of this disease need to start early and hold it for a long time.Patients suffering from this disease require complex treatment.

In the period of acute disease therapy involves:

  • elimination of inflammation in the bronchial tree;
  • restoration of patency of the bronchi;
  • regulation altered reactivity of the organism (antibiotics).

Thus, the treatment of chronic bronchitis is carried out with the help of antibiotics, medicines and expectorants, which expand the lumen of the bronchi.Naturally, when it comes to allergens that cause bronchitis, it is necessary to eliminate it (for example, tobacco dust, and others.)

Most smokers leave the disease without proper treatment, but it is very dangerous, because the disease is in advanced stage may progress to chronicobstructive pulmonary disease, which means permanent effects on the patient's respiratory tract.

Besides therapy of this disease involves the stimulation of the immune system.In the treatment of diseases of good results provide all kinds of inhalation (with drugs, herbs, and other fees.).It is advisable to apply the chest massage, physical therapy and exercise therapy.

Among the methods of treatment of the disease, are mucolytics popular that contribute to the removal of the bronchial tubes and lungs viscous sputum.

Folk treatment of chronic bronchitis

Today, traditional medicine offers many recipes for the treatment of bronchitis.Widely used such herbs as the root of the primrose, knotweed, mother-and-stepmother, eucalyptus and others.

Folk treatment of chronic bronchitis often recommends the use of a decoction of marshmallow root, sage leaves mother and stepmother.This herbal tea (20 g) should be pour a glass of boiling water and heated in a water bath.Then medicinal decoction is necessary to cool, strain and take on a third cup three times a day.

also the treatment of chronic bronchitis traditional methods offers this recipe: prepare a mixture of equal parts of lime blossom, sage, elderberry color, leaves and dried berries raspberries.Then 2 tablespoons of the collection is necessary to pour a glass of hot water and let stand for 1 hour.The resulting infusion is necessary to take the night in the form of heat.

When organizing the treatment of bronchitis using traditional methods, in order to avoid complications, it is necessary to see a specialist to determine the exact diagnosis and determine the severity of the disease.It is necessary to strictly adhere to these recommendations for treatment, proportioning and dosage in the preparation of medicinal infusions, compresses, decoctions, ointments and other folk remedies.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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