29 May

Chlamydia - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment, Prevention

Contents:

1. Features occurrence of chlamydia

2. Symptoms of chlamydia

3. Symptoms of chlamydia in women

4. Symptoms of chlamydia in men

5.Diagnosis of chlamydia

6. Treating chlamydia

chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is sexually transmitted.Its causative agent is the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia trachomatis).Its feature is that it is structurally resembles bacteria, but lives in cells as a virus.This dual nature is the cause of the disease is difficult to cure.
Since chlamydia refers to diseases that are sexually transmitted, the main means of transmission is sexual intercourse.However, it should be emphasized that it is not always gives rise to the disease, and in only one out of four cases.In addition, women are more susceptible to chlamydia than men.

As experts point out, in addition to the primary method of infection, there are two routes of transmission of chlamydia:

  • during birth from mother to child;
  • home method: through the unde
    rwear, bedding, towels.

But, in fact, the second version of chlamydia transmission is very rare, because chlamydia can not survive for long outside the host and the person infected only if you take advantage of instantly hygiene items after the disease carrier.

Features occurrence of chlamydia

Once in the human body, chlamydia behave differently depending on the characteristics of immune support.In the case of low body resistance, agents immediately enter the cell and reproduce.At this point, their immune system can observe and start to produce specific antibodies thereto.But if the immune system is quite high, after penetration into the cell, chlamydia can create so-called L-forms - bacteria that are partially or totally deprived of the cell wall, but retain the ability to develop.

Chlamydia is free to reproduce in a cell and to increase several times.As a result, it becomes crowded, it gets out and begins to parasitize other cells.Chlamydiae are sensitive to antibiotics, ultraviolet rays, chemotherapy and high temperatures, and the ideal environment for them are very low temperatures at which they live up to 10 months.

Chlamydia Chlamydia is characterized by two phases of the life cycle - infectious (pathogen resides outside the cells) and reticular (it is inside the cell).The incubation period is about a week to three weeks after infection, but sometimes it is reduced to a few days.

Symptoms of chlamydia

According to the WHO, every year chlamydia affects about 89 million people.But the disease is often detected by chance on the test results, because it is asymptomatic.If the disease progresses, if the pathogen moved to the active form, there is a symptom of chlamydia as a local inflammation of the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system.In men, it causes unpleasant sensations in the urethra, as well as mucous or purulent discharge.And the symptoms of chlamydia in women can be manifested in the form of urethritis, vaginitis and cervicitis.In addition, chlamydia in women provokes serious complications such as adhesions fallopian tubes and ovaries, ectopic pregnancy or infertility.

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

manifestations of the disease in women are:

  • bleeding between periods;
  • discharge from the cervix;
  • muco-purulent discharge from the vagina;
  • abdominal pain;
  • pain when urinating.

Chlamydia in women more dangerous by the fact that, being pregnant, it can transmit the disease to the newborn during childbirth that can cause him chlamydial pneumonia or conjunctivitis.

Symptoms of chlamydia in men

manifestations of chlamydia in men are:

  • frequent and painful urination;
  • pain in the scrotum;
  • mucous or muco-purulent discharge from the urethra;
  • discomfort in the perineum.

Symptoms of chlamydia in men in the acute stage characterized by glassy discharge from the urethra.In addition, there may be itching and discomfort during urination.

As for patient well-being, the manifest signs of intoxication such as fatigue and low-grade fever.Occasionally chlamydia can become chronic and affect other organs and systems.

diagnosis of chlamydia

methods of diagnosis of the disease are:

  • rapid tests;
  • smear;
  • scraping;
  • PCR (polymerase chain reaction);
  • EIA (enzyme immunoassay).

identify the disease is not easy, as the Chlamydia trachomatis is an intracellular parasite.Therefore, for the diagnosis of chlamydia is better to do the scraping, not smear and assess the state of the patient's body cells and mucus and not isolation.Also, as the material can be used for analysis of blood, urine and semen from males.

The most reliable and modern methods include PCR and ELISA.

method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is characterized by the highest reliability and sensitivity to the pathogen.For the analysis do not need a lot of material, and the results of the study will be ready in a couple of days.

enzyme immunoassay (EIA) - a method that detects the presence of blood antibodies to chlamydia.Its peculiarity lies in the fact that it not only identifies the causative agent, but also shows its stage - acute or chronic.

diagnosis of disease involves the right intake of material intended for laboratory research.Only in this case, the tests will be reliable.

Treating chlamydia

As a rule, the treatment of chlamydia - a long process due to the fact that chlamydia are able to adapt to the effects of drugs.However, the disease may be cured and the faster, the better.

Naturally, chlamydia treatment should be carried out simultaneously for both sexual partners and include antibiotics, immunostimulants and multivitamins.In addition, it recommended diet, giving up alcohol and sexual activity at the time of treatment.The main principle of treatment of chlamydia is complex and individual approach to each patient, so see a doctor is a must.
Upon completion of the treatment of chlamydia, should conduct control tests, and if pathogens are not detected after 30 days carried out repeated studies on the presence of symptoms of chlamydia in women and men.

With regard to the prevention of illness, its main method is the avoidance of casual sex, and the use of barrier methods of protection.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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