Functional cysts - symptoms , treatment gap


1. mechanism of formation of functional cysts

2. causes of functional cysts

3. symptoms of functional cysts

4. Diagnosis and treatment of functional cysts

«ovarian cyst" Diagnosis specialists for every woman, as a rule, sounds pretty scary, because you can hear him at least one more unpleasant conclusion - "operation".However, there is always equated with an established diagnosis of "ovarian cyst" and followed by surgery?No, when it comes to functional benign.

functional cyst is almost 85% of all ovarian tumors.Most often, this pathology is common in women of reproductive age, but can also occur in the first five years of menopause.

The functional entities include two types of cysts - the follicular and luteal, or corpus luteum cyst.

Functional cyst - a benign Reviewing education in ovarian tissues, the cavity is filled with transparent liquid contents.

mechanism of formation of functional cysts

Every woman in the ovaries at the beginning of the menstrual cycle, fo

llicles begin to grow, that is, small bubbles inside which contained egg.In one menstrual cycle, usually does not grow alone, but several follicles, but only one of them grows to a certain size (20 mm) and a burst in the middle of the cycle.This process is called ovulation.Because the follicle, ripe and bursting, the egg comes out and formed a new formation, called "yellow body."That is, it's just sleeping, ruptured follicle, inside of which there is very small amount of gradually absorbable blood.The corpus luteum is normal there is up to 12 days, and if the pregnancy in this period did not come, it simply regresses.However, in the process of maturation of the follicles and further education of the corpus luteum sometimes have different disorders, which lead to the formation of functional cysts.

from other types of functional cysts are neoplasms characterized by the fact that they never degenerate into malignant tumors and are generally quite safe for the female body, so drug treatment of functional cysts in most of the cases, and does not involve surgery.Often functional cyst simply disappear by itself.

causes of functional cysts

exact reasons for the formation of functional structures are not fully understood, but one thing is for sure, the emergence and development of ovarian cysts are caused by various hormonal disruptions and disorders of blood circulation and lymph flow in the ovarian tissue.

on the formation of cysts, influenced by such factors:

  • receiving medications that stimulate ovulation, at various violations of the reproductive system;
  • administration of drugs for emergency contraception;
  • medical abortion;
  • severe mental and physical stress;
  • harmful working conditions;
  • adverse environment;
  • frequent oophoritis;
  • eating disorders, and other constants of mono.

All of the factors listed above may cause endocrine imbalance and as a consequence, the formation of functional ovarian cysts.

grows follicle bursts to the required size, and growing further, becoming a cyst, called a follicular.Its size is usually not more than 6 cm, but in rare cases can reach 10 cm in diameter.Usually such cysts for several months dissolve on their own, and to accelerate the process prescribed hormonal monophasic konstratseptivov.

corpus luteum cyst is formed almost in the same way and is associated with disturbances in the circulatory system, which are not subjected to as a result of the corpus luteum regression, accumulating serous or hemorrhagic fluid nature.Functional ovarian cysts operate only in those cases where the symptoms of functional cysts pronounced, and for further, even after medical treatment, causes a variety of complications such as abscess or bleeding.

symptoms of functional cysts

Functional ovarian cysts are committed not cause any explicit changes in the female body, and many women are not even aware of such pathological formations.In most cases, it is developing for months cyst spontaneously regress.In rare cases, functional cysts may manifest itself in such a way:

  • appearance of gravity feeling of fullness and discomfort in the side of the Education Development;
  • missed period or increase its duration;
  • scarce intermenstrual bleeding (spotting);
  • drop in body temperature.

symptoms of functional cysts are amplified when a variety of complications caused by the formation.The outpouring of the cyst in the abdominal region, the functional cyst rupture or twisting her legs, accompanied by severe symptoms of "acute abdomen»:

  • cramping, spilled, piercing pain in the abdomen;
  • vomiting, nausea;
  • positive peritoneal signs (wooden belly);
  • reflex tension of the peritoneum;
  • impaired stool, flatulence;
  • intoxication of the organism;
  • impaired intestinal motility.

gap functional cysts can occur on the background of a sharp change in body position (jump, fall, tumble, etc.), a sharp body tremors or even with vigorous intercourse.The risk of ovarian apoplexy direct relationship has on the size of the brush.Sudden rupture of functional cysts can result in significant blood loss and the development of peritonitis, so an adequate treatment of this pathology is often surgical intervention, usually by laparoscopy.

Diagnosis and treatment of functional cysts

Since small cysts often asymptomatic, then they accidentally discovered during routine pelvic exam or ultrasound.Diagnosis is made on the basis of the patient's complaints, collect anamnesis, gynecological examination and ultrasound results, as well as the data that were obtained during laparoscopic examination.Diagnostic laparoscopy is performed only if the functional cyst is difficult to differentiate from other entities.

Treatment of functional cysts in most cases only a conservative.After finding education, patient seen by a specialist within a few months, and are appointed by the anti-vitamin supplements if necessary.If within 3-4 months of education alone does not resolve, even against the background of the therapy continues to grow and threatens to cause complications, the decision on surgical intervention.Surgical removal is usually limited to sparing laparoscopic husking pathological cystic body within unaltered ovarian tissue, ovarian resection or suturing damaged tissue of its walls.Emergency oophorectomy is performed only in the case of necrotic changes in ovarian tissue or massive open bleeding.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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