Follicular cyst - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. reasons

2. Symptoms follicular cysts

3. Diagnostics

4. Treatment of follicular cysts

5. measures preventing follicular cysts

follicular cyst - a benign ovarian arising from the dominant follicle degenerated as a result of hormonal imbalance in women.Most often this pathology faced by young women of childbearing age, it is rarely seen in women during menopause or is innate.

Causes The main causes of ovarian cysts are follicular malfunction of the endocrine system and metabolic disorders in women.As a result of these processes occur hyperestrogenia (increased reproduction of estrogens in peripheral tissues), leading to the development of a single-phase anovulatory menstrual cycle.In the absence of ovulation preovulatory follicle increases in size.When it is larger than 3 cm in diameter, say about formation of follicular cysts.

neoplasm is a circular single-chamber bag with a thin smooth walls, which is filled with liquid contents yellow.The cyst can reach 8-10 c

m in diameter.Although pathological cavity data are not degenerate into malignant tumors, their growth may cause other dangerous complications.

often cause follicular cyst is ovarian dysfunction, which may be associated with the following factors:

- uncontrolled intake of contraceptive drugs;

- medical abortion;

- acute infectious processes;

- sexually transmitted diseases;

- hyperstimulation of ovulation in the treatment of infertility;

- nonspecific inflammation (oophoritis, adnexitis, salpingitis).

reason follicular cyst in a newborn girl might be a hormonal crisis neonatal period.It can also be triggered by the influence of maternal estrogen on the developing fetus during pregnancy.

Since the emergence and development of the considered pathological education is directly related to the function of the ovaries, it is one additional name - a functional cyst.

Symptoms follicular cysts

considered abnormal formation of small size (up to 6-8 cm in diameter) can not be yourself.they are diagnosed, usually on a regular gynecological examination.Symptoms of follicular cysts larger sizes can be:

- pain in the lower abdomen.They usually appear in the second half of the menstrual cycle.Pain becomes more intense during intercourse and physical activity, as well as when making sudden movements;

- a feeling of heaviness in the groin;

- irregular menstrual cycle, accompanied by lengthy and copious;

- the emergence of scarce discharge between menstrual periods.

emergence and progression of functional cysts promotes sustainable anovulatory menstrual cycle, and therefore, may cause reproductive disorders.Severe complications are capable of causing a cyst in a pregnant woman until the abnormal termination of pregnancy.Therefore, pregnant women with abnormal formation of this type require special medical supervision and monitoring.

Increase brush up very large sizes and increased physical activity of the patient can lead to several complications, including twisting cyst legs, necrosis of ovarian tissue, follicular cyst rupture, apoplexy (gap) of the ovary, accompanied by bleeding into the abdominal cavity.In this case, the symptoms of follicular cysts can be:

- a sharp, stabbing pain in the lower abdomen;

- hypotension;

- severe dizziness;

- nausea and vomiting;

- tachycardia;

- pale skin;

- general weakness;

- swoon.

When you break the follicular cyst near the blood vessel possibly internal bleeding.

Diagnosis Diagnosis is a gynecologist on the basis of the results of gynecological examination, ultrasound, laparoscopy.

often during the regular gynecological examination, the doctor can detect a woman's round, does not cause any pain, movable tumor, having a flat and smooth surface.It is localized on the side and in front of the uterus.After inspecting the woman sent for an ultrasound scan.On ultrasound, the patient identify single chamber globular formation, which range in size from 3 to 8 cm in diameter.Formation filled homogeneous content, and the thickness of its walls, as a rule, not exceed 2 mm in thickness.This ovarian tissue is not damaged.During the Doppler detect slow flow portions arranged on the periphery of education.

Treatment of follicular cysts

Small education, the size does not exceed 5-6 cm in diameter, disappear on their own within three or four menstrual cycles.In this case, the treatment of follicular cysts is reduced to constant medical monitoring and verification, accompanied by regular inspections and ultrasound.

In order to accelerate the regression of the considered functional cysts patient can be assigned:

- anti-inflammatory drug therapy;

- vitamins;

- a course of combined oral contraception;

- physical therapy procedures (phonophoresis, electrophoresis, magnetic therapy, phoresis sinusoidal modulated currents);

- receiving homeopathic remedies.

If the treatment of follicular cysts does not bring the desired effect, the formation of pathological increases in size or happens twisted cyst legs, the cyst is removed by surgery.Today, laparoscopy is considered the most gentle method of surgical removal of the functional cysts.During such an operation takes place husking pathological education, at the same time the surgeon can perform a resection of the ovary.

In the case of complicated forms of the disease, for example, in the follicular cyst rupture, surgery is performed on an emergency basis.

measures preventing follicular cysts

To prevent or stop the development time considered pathological entities must adhere to simple recommendations below.

First, every woman should undergo regular preventive examination at the gynecologist.Such inspections must be carried out at least twice a year.

Secondly, their health should be closely monitored, promptly seek medical care if any hormonal disorders, as well as inflammation of the ovaries.

If a woman had once faced with this pathology, all its future actions should be focused on addressing the factors that could cause a recurrence of follicular cysts.

Finally, if a pregnant woman takes place against the background of follicular cysts of the ovary, such pregnancy requires very strict medical supervision.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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