Ureaplasmosis is a sexual infection caused by gram-negative microbes that live on the mucous membranes of the urogenital system. Infection does not necessarily occur during sexual contact, sometimes it is enough to use only hygiene supplies, often the disease is transmitted from mother to child at the time of delivery. Symptoms of ureaplasmosis are manifested only when the concentration of microorganisms exceeds a certain threshold. Pathogens of the disease belong to a conditionally pathogenic microflora, since they can be observed in absolutely healthy people, and in 95% of cases they do not cause any inconvenience.
In women and men, ureaplasmosis has a different degree of symptom severity, usually nonspecific. Usually, the disease manifests itself 3-5 weeks after infection and, as a rule, rarely worries patients. Some carriers of ureaplasmosis do not suspect the presence of pathogens for many years, since the natural microflora does not allow ureaplasma to cross the patho
Ureaplasmosis in women can cause additional discomfort during pregnancy. Many experts are inclined to believe that ureaplasmosis in pregnancy can cause miscarriage or premature birth, affecting the mother's body, and advise to identify the disease at the planning stage of pregnancy. The fetus itself is protected from infection by the placenta and is extremely rarely infected, infection occurs at the time of passage of the fetus through the birth canal. Ureaplasmas are later revealed in 50% of cases either on the genitals of the baby( usually a girl) or in the nasopharynx.
As already mentioned, in women and men ureaplasmosis proceeds in different ways, causing dissimilar symptoms and impairments in the functions of the genitourinary system. In men, the urethra, prostate, bladder, testicles and appendages are affected. In women - the vagina, uterus and appendages. And in both cases, this can lead to infertility.
According to one version of men, ureaplasmosis can cause prostatitis. Studies have shown that pathogens can attach to spermatozoa, disrupting motor activity, but the direct role of ureaplasma in the development of prostatitis has not yet been proven. In childhood, ureaplasmosis in men can cause painful sensations when walking and forming motor-supporting muscles.
In women, ureaplasmosis causes inflammation and adhesions of the fallopian tubes, this factor can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy. If the conception still happened, ureaplasmosis in pregnancy can cause various pathologies, including damage to the fetus.
If you do not pay attention to the disease for a long time, it can cause constriction of the urethra or lead to inflammation of the joints. Even if it seems to you that the symptoms of ureaplasmosis have disappeared and the disease has gone by itself, any cold or stress can lead to the disease manifesting itself again.
Ureaplasmosis is detected in many, including healthy people. Treatment is required if the level of pathological flora exceeds the permissible standards. The only case when a prophylactic treatment of a conditional pathological flora is prescribed is ureaplasmosis in pregnancy, either at the planning stage or from the 22nd week of fetal development. Treatment of ureaplasmosis is performed on an outpatient basis, as microorganisms easily adapt to antibiotics. Therefore, in the first place, biological samples are taken. A sowing of the ureaplasma is made, on which the necessary antibiotic is tested. As a rule, for the treatment of ureaplasmosis, tetracycline drugs, fluoroquinolones and macrolides are used. Ureaplasmosis in pregnancy can be treated with a limited set of drugs - Erythromycin, Vilprafen, Rovamycin and only as directed by a doctor. In addition, local immunomodulators may be prescribed. For more effective treatment it is recommended to refrain from sexual contacts, at any rate, unprotected. Patients are prescribed a diet with the exception of alcohol, spicy, salty, fried and spicy food. After the course of treatment, patients undergo repeated tests. In the beginning - two weeks after the therapy, and if the result is negative - then one more time in a month. In case of a positive result, treatment of ureaplasmosis should be continued.
Because ureaplasmas are transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse, the best means of prevention is avoiding casual sexual intercourse, the use and proper use of condoms. If you have a regular sexual partner, warn him about the treatment of ureaplasmosis and persuade to undergo a survey. Of the drug prevention methods can be noted the use after sexual intercourse of antiseptic solutions in the urethra in men, or candles in the vagina - in women.
To prevent complications, it is necessary to undergo examination for ureaplasmosis with prostatitis, urethritis, infertility, as well as with any urogenital disease of uncertain origin. Additional examination for ureaplasma is carried out by women with unfavorable course of pregnancy, as well as patients with pyelonephritis and urolithiasis.
Remember that an independent treatment of ureaplasmosis can lead at best to temporary relief, and the disease at the same time runs the risk of becoming chronic. Drugs, dosage and duration of treatment should be prescribed by a doctor.
1. Symptoms of ureaplasmosis
2. Clinical picture
3. Treatment of ureaplasmosis
This article is only for educational purposes and is not a scientific material or a professional medical advice.
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