28 May

Tubo-otitis - Causes, Symptoms , Treatments

Contents:

1. Description of the disease

2. Causes

3. tubootitis symptoms in acute and chronic form of the disease

4. tubo-otitis in children

5. Treatment tubootitis

One of the most important organs of our body senses a rumor, it is thanks to him we get a percentage of the basic knowledge about the world.The structure of the human ear is extremely complex, its physiology is aimed at maximizing capture of sound waves in the range of 16-22 kHz.

tubo-otitis (second name evstahiit) involves the development of an acute or chronic inflammation, which is localized in the eustachian (auditory) tube.With the development of this disease occurs disorder ventilation process in the middle ear cavity, so that there comes a sudden hearing loss.That is, the disease leads to disruption of the mechanical part of the sound reproduction.

Briefly consider the structure of the ear, it may be noted that the auditory ossicles are located in the middle ear is a small cavity in the bulk pneumatic temp

oral bone.For normal functioning of the auditory ossicles, the pressure in the middle ear cavity must be identical to the pressure in the environment.Value pressure achieved by the eustachian tube.Auditory (Eustachian) tube opens into the nasopharynx, the size of a newborn is only 2 cm in length and 3.5 cm in the adult.

tubo-otitis Quite often is a precursor of such diseases as catarrhal otitis.The fact that development tubootitis necessarily leads to the formation of various other pathologies that create irregularities in the tympanic cavity.Therefore, quite often use the terms in medicine, combining tubo- and catarrhal otitis: salpingootit or tubo-otitis.

Description of

tubootitis disease development is due to the transition of inflammatory processes that occur in the throat or nose, in the lining of the auditory tube.That is, when running or acute rhinitis, pharyngitis or tonsillitis may develop evstahiit.The disease can occur in an acute form and a chronic form acquire.Over time evstahiit acute or chronic, with frequent relapses may lead to the development of otitis media.Frequent are cases when at a tubo-otitis formed obstruction of the auditory tube, it is caused by the closing of nasopharyngeal mouth.Without timely treatment of such inflammation contributes to the development of adenoid disease, choanal polyps formation, hypertrophy of the lower-offensive turbinate.

Causes

Summarizing all the above, it can be noted that evstahiit is the initial stage of catarrhal otitis media, it also contributes to the frequent suppurative otitis media type, the development of otitis adhesive.Such inflammatory processes without prompt adequate treatment can lead to complete loss of hearing.

Causes of tubootitis can become a chronic disease, such as rhinitis, rhinopharyngitis, sinusitis, adenoids, sinusitis, polyps, and other, and anatomical abnormalities that occurred in the upper respiratory tract, such as a deviated septum.

If we talk about the pathogens of the disease, in such a role can act streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, and various types of microorganisms.It is worth noting that pathogens are not only infections that trigger the emergence of infectious tubootitis, for example, a severe allergic reaction can cause the development of allergic evstahiita.

Consequences and symptoms tubootitis pretty obvious - developing inflammation triggers the formation of swelling and thickening of the characteristic that is detectable along the mucosal surfaces.The consequences of this inflammation are phenomena such as reduced patency of the Eustachian tube, the violation of internal ventilation.It may also be ceasing the eardrum due to the pressure reduction in the auditory tube.After this occurs sticking of the retraction of the tympanic membrane in the tympanic cavity.In this case the patient feels stuffy ear, manifested syringmus.Along with these processes is the development of stenosis in the cavity of the auditory tube, stick pipe wall, which in turn leads to a sclerotic and atrophic changes in the eardrum and the adjacent cavity.Ignoring these symptoms and delay in seeking medical care leads to the development of hearing loss or complete deafness.

tubootitis symptoms in acute and chronic form of the disease

tubootitis emergence of the acute form may occur after the transfer of a person of serious viral diseases such as the flu or seasonal catarrh affecting the area of ​​the upper respiratory tract.Here are the main symptoms of acute forms tubootitis:

  • stuffiness in one ear or both ears;
  • noises in the ear, syringmus, ie resonance of his own voice in the ear;
  • person feels heaviness in the ear area;
  • by tilting or turning the head, a feeling of overflowing fluid in the ear.

however may not be common symptoms tubootitis the acute form of the disease, that is, the body temperature does not rise, the patient's state of health is stable, there is no pain.The development of the acute form usually contributes tubootitis-borne infection that weaken the body's immunity.If the acute stage of the disease did not start proper treatment tubootitis, the disease spills over into the chronic stage, which is difficult to treat and can lead to a drop in hearing.With timely and adequate treatment of tubo-otitis may take just a couple of days.

Chronic evstihiit leads to atrophic and sclerotic changes affecting the cavity of the tympanic membrane.At this stage, the eardrum disease becomes turbid and loses its transparency.

Known tubootitis symptoms in the chronic form:

  • deformation of tympanic membrane;
  • narrowing of the cavity of the auditory tube;
  • retraction of the tympanic membrane;
  • redness in some areas around the ear;
  • prolonged violation of the auditory activity.

On examination of the ear, ENT doctor detects narrowing of the inner cavity of the Eustachian tube, which leads to deformation and retraction of the eardrum itself.It is also obvious sticking walls of the auditory tube.Such tubootitis symptoms are permanent.

tubo-otitis in children

If you compare hearing aid of an adult and a child, it may be noted that the auditory canal in children is somewhat smaller and is more flat and straight, so tubo-otitis in children occurs more frequently dueincreased susceptibility to a variety of kids ear diseases.

tubootitis Symptoms in children is similar to the symptoms of the disease occurrence in adults: the noise in the ears, ear congestion, hearing loss, "punching" or normalization of hearing by coughing, sneezing and yawning.General characteristics of children as well as adults remain unchanged - the normal state of health, there is no fever and painful effect.It only complicates diagnosis tubootitis children.

Treatment tubootitis

tubootitis Treatment involves a thorough disinfection of the mucous membrane of the middle ear, pain control.When treating tubootitis prescribed drops in the nose and ears, to relieve swelling.In the future, the treatment is carried out tubootitis blowing auditory tube and other physiotherapy treatments.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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