2. Symptoms of thrombophlebitis
4. thrombophlebitis Treatment folk remedies
thrombophlebitis - a disease of the veinscaused by an inflammatory process arising as a result of the formation of a blood clot in the venous space.Most often a complication of varicose veins.
Depending on the localization of the disease was isolated superficial vein thrombophlebitis (when thrombosis develops in the surface, often suffering from varicose disease, veins) and deep vein thrombophlebitis (affects veins inside the soft tissues).
disease can affect different parts of the body.Most often, doctors have to deal with limb thrombophlebitis, but may be affected pelvic veins and hemorrhoids, and anal veins, etc.
The risk zone, above all, people who have regular physical overload.Caution should be the one who spends all day standing or constantly faced with the need to lift and carry heavy loads.This work is associated with heavy loads on their feet, and i
- slowing of blood flow through the veins;
- a violation of the integrity of the walls of the veins;
- Various changes in the blood, it increased clotting;
- presence of inflammatory diseases of the internal organs;
- hormonal disorders;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- all kinds of surgery.
first symptom of thrombophlebitis of superficial veins is pain at the site of localization, having initially not too pronounced.In the course of the affected veins felt soreness of the skin, and directly over the site of thrombus formation skin becomes inflamed and red.
showed a slight increase in body temperature of the patient in the range of 37.5?C, sometimes the temperature reaches 38?C. After a few days the body temperature drops to normal or is slightly elevated.In some cases, changes in body temperature of the patient and is not observed.
associated symptoms of thrombophlebitis of the limbs is a small swelling of the affected limb disease.The skin along the vein becomes inflamed, on its surface begin to form sealed portions of various sizes.These areas lend themselves well to palpation.In reality, these are seals and thrombi.The process of walking becomes difficult due to pain.
It is possible the development of ascending thrombophlebitis, which affects a small or a large saphenous vein, and is a direct threat of pulmonary embolism.
If the patient says extremity thrombophlebitis, accompanied by very strong edema, this suggests that the inflammatory process raised the deep veins.
symptom of deep vein thrombosis is a sudden sharp pain and numbness in the limbs.Below is the place where the formed clot is lost pulse, skin loses its sensitivity becomes cyanotic hue, subcutaneous superficial veins look flat, there comes a limb necrosis.
Most often, such a severe thrombophlebitis of extremities resulting lack of treatment of varicose veins.Therefore, if you are faced with varicose veins or noticed at the first symptoms of thrombophlebitis - heaviness in the legs, swelling, bruising, redness, pain or spasms - always consult a doctor.
There are two approaches to the treatment of thrombophlebitis - conservative and surgical.
Conservative treatment of thrombophlebitis is intended to eliminate the inflammation and stop the formation of blood clots.
At the beginning of treatment, when the disease has an effect pronounced symptoms, the patient is prescribed bed rest.Apply medical treatment with drugs able to break up blood clots and prevent their further education.As a rule, the treatment of thrombophlebitis following classes of pharmaceutical drugs may be used:
-nesteroidnye anti-inflammatory drugs;
-flebotoniki vegetable origin;
Analgesic effect gives local cooling of affected areas veins.To facilitate the state with the help of elastic bandages forming a special bandage.
Once the inflammation is eliminated, the patient is discharged from hospital.Now he needs to think about the prevention of disease, in order to prevent relapse.Be sure to wear a medical knitwear - tights, stockings and socks 2-3 compression class.Also shown spa treatment to patients, the adoption of hydrogen sulfide baths.However, any subsequent limb thrombosis prophylaxis should be carried out as prescribed by the physician.
Giving preference to conservative treatment, it should be remembered that, even though the measures implemented, thrombophlebitis can progress.Therefore, a strict control over the dynamic course of the disease.
Sometimes surgery is the only effective way to treat thrombosis.Patients with ascending thrombophlebitis forms small and large saphenous veins have to be operated on an emergency basis immediately after the ultrasound scan conducted.
deep vein thrombophlebitis often ends the operation.
Surgical treatment of this disease is radical.But, unfortunately, only able to prevent the operation of the further development of thrombosis, relieve the patient of complications and relapses.Surgical treatment includes dressing veins venectomy and excision of superficial vein clots.
can not leave without attention and treatment of thrombophlebitis folk remedies.That just is not used in the fight against this disease: fruit, leaves and bark of horse chestnut, kalanchoe, mummies, butter, millet, green and red tomatoes, and even soap.And although some of the popular recipes are not deprived of the therapeutic effect, their use should be approached with great caution.For example, some plants are able to stimulate the adrenal glands, which means that people's means, to which they belong, are contraindicated for people with hypertension.Therefore, it is important to remember the main thing - the treatment of thrombophlebitis folk remedies should not take place without medical supervision.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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