Trypophobia - causes, symptoms, treatment methods


1. origins of the problem

2. Features trypophobia

3. Treatment trypophobia

trypophobia The term first appeared in 2005 from the combination of the Greek words trypo,meaning punching or drilling, and fobos, meaning fear.This is a relatively new phobia has not yet been recognized by official medicine, it appears as a pathological fear of objects clustered holes.


problems trypophobia also called the fear of open holes, cavities, holes, skin abscesses, and so on.To date, the most famous researchers of the variety of fear considered a scientist from the University of Essex, Jeff Cole and his colleague Arnold Wilkins.They suggested that trypophobia is one of the most common phobias in the land, as at the sight of multiple holes a lot of people uncomfortable, for example, the nervous trembling, itching, nausea, a feeling of discomfort.

After a series of studies and Cole Wilkins hypothesized that underlying trypophobia is primitive fear of venomous animals, wasps, poiso

nous flowers.The most common pathological reaction occurs on the image with strong contrast rounded objects.The researchers suggested that trypophobia is an evolutionary advantage.

Features trypophobia

Like all phobias, trypophobia causes uncontrollable fear of the patient in relation to the living organism, object or even their image.Depending on the severity of the fear, a person may drop operation, it may lose coordination, experience dizziness, feeling vomiting, nausea, nervousness, itching.The most common attack trypophobia manifests itself in the form of obsession, fear of uncontrolled and may be accompanied by a general nervousness, and gag reflex.

With this variety of phobias object of fear may be holes in foods such as yeast pores on pancakes and sections bakery, veinlets and veins in raw meat, honeycomb arrangement of seeds in fruits and vegetables, the holes in the plants, cheese circles.The object can be trypophobia hole of natural origin, such as geological holes, corals, natural resources, porous holes made by worms, insect larvae or caterpillars.However, the greatest revulsion and panic can cause holes in living organisms, especially in human tissues.Patients may frighten such manifestations trypophobia on the skin as acne, acne scars of smallpox, open pores and wounds, the holes in the muscles and many other clustered holes.In this case the person experiencing the phobia can project this state itself.In these cases, you can watch and trypophobia symptoms themselves on the skin - itching, allergic reactions, redness, sweating, bright spots on the emotional surge and so on.However, much depends on the individual emotional state and level of empathy.As a rule, in acute attacks at the sight trypophobia object on the skin, quickens the heartbeat, there is a tremor, a sense of disgust, shortness of breath.

Like many anxiety disorders, trypophobia may occur spontaneously, be inherited.Causes of this condition can be explained in terms of psychology or cultural perception.The most common phobia is the result of a specific social or psychological situation, it can be exacerbated during the age crisis, problems in the relationship, but it can also pass completely in the absence of the stimulus.On trypophobia may influence and age characteristics - as they grow older and experience different situations in life a person can accumulate fears.

Treatment trypophobia

As in clinical practice is there is no such diagnosis as a trypophobia, it is classified as fear and obsession, and general methods of psychological correction is applied.The task of the psychologist - to restore the patient's normal physical and mental state at the sight of the stimulus, ie desensitization.

One of the methods of psychological correction - show calming picture of the patient and to fix the state of rest, and then to show the image of the object with holes.Gradually, during the course of the patient passes a feeling of disgust and restored the state of inner comfort.

the presence of psychosomatic disorders and allergy patient sedation can be assigned.In severe forms of the disease, when symptoms such as headaches, cramps, convulsions, the patient is prescribed intensive care in a hospital using sedatives and anticonvulsants.However, as a rule, the classical treatment trypophobia includes breathing and relaxation exercises.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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