1. disease types
2. symptoms of tracheitis
3. Treatment of tracheitis
The disease is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea.By the nature of the flow are acute and chronic tracheitis.
Acute tracheitis usually is not isolated and occurs simultaneously with laryngitis, pharyngitis or acute rhinitis.
most common cause of acute tracheitis is a viral infection, but in some cases it may be staphylococci or streptococci.
regular inhalation of a dry / cool air and the dusty often leads to the development of tracheitis, as well as irritant gases and vapors.
In this type of the disease is formed tracheal edema, infiltration and giperimiya (increased blood supply) of the mucous membrane.Often found on the surface of the trachea mucus congestion.
development of chronic tracheitis comes amid sharp.In most cases, it develops at:
- smoking and alcohol abuse;
- there is stagnation in the respiratory tract as a result of undergoing emphysema (excessi
- heart disease;
- chronic diseases of the nose / sinuses.
In chronic tracheitis is most often observed hypertrophic / atrophic changes in the mucous membrane lining the trachea.In hypertrophic changes in the mucous membrane swells, and there is a growing mucus and sputum purulent character.Atrophic changes are characterized by a grayish tinge mucosa and small crusts that cause painful cough.
In acute tracheitis symptoms begin to appear immediately after the overlying inflammation of the respiratory tract.It is believed that the most characteristic feature of this type tracheitis is a dry cough at night.Attacks of cough may also occur when laughing, crying, or deep breath, except that they may cause a change in air temperature.
noted that during a cough is present Sore throat and pain in the sternum, in these cases, patients are trying to limit their respiratory movements.In children, acute tracheitis type leads to the surface, and rapid breathing.
Small accumulations of phlegm in this disease causes episodes of severe whooping cough.The general condition changes slightly, tracheitis, in some cases in children and adults results in an increase in body temperature to 39 ° C, especially in the evening.
sputum character changes over time, initially it sticky and slimy, but after 3-4 days it becomes mucopurulent and much easier separated.
In those cases where in addition to tracheal inflammation extends to the bronchi, tracheitis symptoms become more pronounced (more than a painful and long-lasting cough, high body temperature).
especially dangerous development tracheitis in children and in old age.
tracheitis Diagnosis is based on the overall clinical picture and the inspection of the trachea, using a laryngoscope.
In acute tracheitis therapy is aimed primarily at eliminating the factors that served as the cause of its occurrence.
Distribution of acute and chronic tracheitis to the lower respiratory tract requires receiving sulfonamides.
Treatment of tracheitis antibiotics includes not only oral but also various sprays.If the main symptom tracheitis appears painful cough, we recommend taking codeine and libeksin.Difficult expectoration of sputum can be overcome expectorant herbal medicines, is licorice root / marshmallow, grass Thermopsis.
In cases where the cause of this disease served as a viral infection, we recommend taking rimantadine.His highest efficiency observed in the first days of treatment of tracheitis.
tracheitis Symptomatic treatment involves taking antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs, it may be aspirin or paracetamol.Also appointed thermal inhalation, hot drink (be sure to sip) and mustard on the sternum and between the shoulder blades.
therapy in exacerbations of chronic tracheitis includes the use of propolis twice daily (morning and evening) for a quarter of an hour.
the presence of purulent sputum character is recommended to treat tracheitis antibiotics, production of which is carried out in aerosols.
course of treatment must contain vitamins A and C, three times a day.
tracheitis treatment of uncomplicated forms initiated in a timely manner, leading to recovery in 1-2 weeks.
Therapy of chronic tracheitis is identical to that which is carried out at an acute type of the disease.When treating tracheitis preferred antibiotic ampicillin (2-3 grams per day for 1-3 weeks) and doxycycline (0.2 g on the first day of treatment, followed by 0.1 grams for 1-2 weeks).
To enhance the secretion of bronchial glands and mucus-thinning drug appointed expectorant reflex action.Usually this alkaline water and 3% potassium iodide solution, they are used not only in acute disease, but also in remission.
prevention of acute and chronic tracheitis is primarily aimed at eliminating possible causes of its appearance, the strengthening of protective features and hardening of the body.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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