dental injuries in children and adults - types , treatment


1. Acute and chronic injuries of teeth

2. classification of dental injuries

3. Treatment

tooth in injuries - a violation of the anatomical integrity of the tooth and its surroundingtissues.It may be accompanied by a change in position of the injured tooth in the dentition.

Acute and chronic injuries of teeth

Acute injury is the result of a brief exposure to the tooth of a mechanical force, and chronic irritation occurs during prolonged heavy-duty tooth.

In 30 - 40% of cases of acute injuries result in the destruction or loss of the front teeth.The causes of acute dental trauma in children and adults are being hit or dropped on hard surfaces, injury by sharp objects and so on. Injuries happen teeth at different ages, but such violations often are children.In case of injury can be observed crowns integrity violation, periodontal or damaged tooth root.More often than not only damaged the tooth, but also all the surrounding tissue.

Chronic injury develops in malocclusion o

r illiterate orthodontic treatment, violation of the structure of hard tissues of the teeth, or bad habits.Chronic injuries are accompanied by the formation of tooth defects, erosion and erasing the cutting edge of the tooth.

classification of dental injuries

Injuries teeth are mechanical effects on the tooth without violating its integrity.Due to the rupture neurovascular bundles of the injury may be associated with hemorrhage in the pulp.The initial complaint with the injury are not strong tooth pain when biting.After diagnosing a damaged tooth is detected as pain when tapped on it, while its mobility is low.

When tooth dislocation occurs tooth offset from the wells.The reason for this can serve as a stretching or tearing of periodontal and tooth root damage wells.Thus injured tooth is able to sink into the bone tissue, rotated about the longitudinal axis to change the position in the direction of the mouth or to the side of adjacent teeth.Dental Injuries in the form of dislocations in the majority of cases occur in the upper jaw in the area of ​​the incisors and are accompanied by severe pain.

cracked tooth is a partial fracture of the crown without leaving part of it.Such an injury can not always be seen by the naked eye, so to identify it and use a magnifying fiber optic devices.Despite the fact that during the fracture separation part is not damaged tooth, the depth of injury can be different - and the surface, which affects only the enamel, and deeper, even before reaching a pulp.Depending on the depth of the crack, pain when chewing, too, can be different - from mild sensitivity to temperature changes to severe pain after the bite.

At the turn of the tooth in the crown can break off or tooth enamel or dentin in the crown area or the entire crown.When enamel broke off and broken off crowns within dentin patient complaints may be related solely to the presence of visible defect, as this type of dental trauma in children does not cause any pain.If the tooth fracture occurs in the area of ​​the entire dentin or crown, it is accompanied by pain during the alternation of hot and cold food and discomfort associated with irritation of the sky deformed tooth surface.

tooth loss occurs due to rupture of periodontal tissue and circular bundles.Furthermore tooth loss, characterized by such trauma bleeding and swelling of the soft tissue of the oral cavity.

Treatment Generally, treatment of teeth injuries in children and adults takes a period of several days to several months.In severe cases, treatment can be stretched and 1 - 2 years.It depends on the degree of severity of the injury and the time of treatment to the dentist after an injury.

Dentistry injuries involves the exclusion of the damaged tooth bite, anti-inflammatory treatments, sparing diet, and rest.

the treatment of dislocation is produced in the superimposition of tooth Kappa tires or tire-bracket to fix it with a few adjacent teeth.Further treatment depends on the extent of the injury, but in any case needed anti-inflammatory therapy.

At surface cracks do not affect the pulp, serious treatment is required.If the crack is deep enough and goes to the root of a tooth will have to be amputated.

At the turn of the tooth crown in the treatment is given after the dentist will determine the severity of the injury and the possible consequences.This sealing may be damaged surface grinding sharp edges or removing the damaged portion of the tooth prosthesis and installation.

When tooth loss treatment depends on a number of reasons (milk or permanent teeth, whether there are any consequences for the bones, wells and soft tissue).At the same time it must necessarily include the anti-inflammatory therapy and hygiene procedures.In the future, you can do prosthetics lost tooth.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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