1. Causes tachycardia
4. Treatment tachycardia
Healthy human heart rhythm goes fromcontraction (systole) to the relaxation (diastole).This natural rhythm is called heart rate, measured by the number of heartbeats per minute.Condition, when the heart rate increases, is called tachycardia.
Tachycardia - it's not always a sign of pathology.Our pulse quickens when fear, excitement, stress or physical exertion, and it is quite natural.
pathological tachycardia same - this is not an independent disease, but only symptom that may indicate a number of diseases and thus occur even at rest.
The main causes of tachycardia are febrile syndromes malfunction of the endocrine system, nervous and mental disorders.Pulse quickens when poisoned by toxins or alcohol.Often the causes of tachycardia defines life - is sedentary work, lack of exercise, anxiety and fatigue at work, weight, age, high blood pressure.The cause of tachycardia may be taki
There are also a number of diseases whose symptoms include tachycardia.Cardiologists are divided tachycardia causes into two groups: the development of the underlying disease and endocrine disorders.The first group of factors include myocarditis, heart disease, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, heart abnormalities and myocardial development.The second group of causes of tachycardia are the female menopause, thyroid disease, as well as malignant and benign tumors.
Tachycardia subdivided into paroxysmal and sinus.For sinus tachycardia is characterized by the acceleration of sinus rhythm.The reason this type of tachycardia is associated with impaired sinus node generating pulses or a violation of the impulses from the sinus node to the ventricles.
sinus tachycardia can cause hypoxia, hypotension, hypovolemia, fever, reception adrenergic drugs, hyperthyroidism, cardiomyopathy, fever, acute vascular insufficiency, anemia, and other pathological conditions.
for paroxysmal tachycardia tend to a sudden increase in heart rate of 150-300 beats per minute.Depending on the location of the place it is atrial, nodal and ventricular.Paroxysmal tachycardia is diagnosed in people 25-35 years of age, and usually does not pose a threat to the development of myocardial pathology and poses no danger to life.
Symptoms Clinical manifestations of cardiac arrhythmias depends on the type and origin of the disease.
When sinus tachycardia, heart rate increased to 150 beats per minute, but is correct.The characteristic symptoms of this type of tachycardia is an increased volume of the heart, increased coronary blood flow.In sinus tachycardia the heart muscle consumes more oxygen and consumes more energy, though its efficiency is reduced at the same time.Externally tachycardia symptoms as palpitations, feeling of heaviness and pain in the chest, shortness of breath, general weakness, dizziness.Patients complain of fatigue, decreased performance, insomnia, bad mood.
In paroxysmal tachycardia attack is a distinct beginning and end, and can last a few seconds or a few days.Symptoms of this type include tachycardia discomfort in the chest, heart pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and weakness.In paroxysmal tachycardia may increase blood pressure, chills, dyspnea, feeling of a lump in the throat.After an attack may occur frequent urination.Sometimes the patient complains that his heart was as if someone squeezes.In the future, paroxysmal tachycardia may trigger the development of weakness and fainting.
Whatever it was, but the symptoms of tachycardia - an occasion consult a physician or cardiologist.It must be done, if you do not just lose consciousness, feel chest pain, experience symptoms of dizziness and blackouts if rapid pulse persists for five minutes or more, as well as signs of tachycardia occur against the background of other diseases of the heart.
treatment strategy depends on the causes of tachycardia, the patient's age, the presence of comorbidities and other factors.Treatment
tachycardia, usually requires the removal of its cause, and it can be a variety of diseases.For example, if the cause is deficiency anemia, the symptoms are assigned to neutralize iron preparations.For the treatment of tachycardia occurred against the background of malignant blood diseases, receive chemotherapy.If the doctor prescribes a fever means normalization of temperature.Treatment of tachycardia induced hyperthyroidism, is to normalize the levels of thyroid hormones.If the level of heart rate is so high, that is life-threatening, the doctor may prescribe beta-blockers to reduce the heart rate.If the cause of the pathology appears pheochromocytoma, treatment of tachycardia is associated with the removal of excess adrenaline including assignment blockers femohromotsitomy same treatment is surgical removal.
There is a group of drugs developed for the treatment of symptomatic tachycardia.These include sedatives, and synthetic plant-based, such as the New Pass, Persen, Diazepam, Phenobarbital, and many others.
Furthermore, in the treatment of tachycardia may be used antiarrhythmic agents such as Flecainide, adenosine, verapamil, and others.However, they can only assign a physician.
When tachycardia is caused by gross congenital heart disease, the effects of rheumatism, coronary heart disease and other serious reasons, can be assigned to surgical treatment.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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