Stomatitis in children and adults : causes, symptoms, treatment


1. reasons

2. Symptoms stomatitis

3. Species stomatitis

4. Treatment stomatitis

5. Prevention

called stomatitis inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa, characterized by the formation of small, but painful sores.Canker sores in adults and children can be shown as a separate disease, and can be a complication of other diseases.Stomatitis most often occur in young children who are just beginning to learn about the world and do not know about the rules of oral hygiene.


appearance of sores in adults and children caused by viral, fungal or bacterial infection, as well as a number of other factors:

  • Bacterial infection of oral mucosa causes stomatitis symptoms while ignoring the rules of oral hygiene, smoking, weakening of the immune system andtrauma mouth (biting the cheek or gingiva, oral mucosa injury damaged tooth, improper wearing of dentures, hard brushing teeth and so on.).
  • Viral infection of the oral cavity in some cases causes herpetic stomatitis.
  • fungal infection of the mouth (oral thrush or thrush) - one of the most common forms of stomatitis in children.
  • Systemic diseases of the body:. Leukemia, Behcet's syndrome, thrombocytopenic purpura, iron deficiency, lack of vitamins C and B, etc.
  • Allergy to toothpaste or some food, irritation of oral tobacco smoke or acidic foods.Receiving
  • some drugs: antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents, antiepileptic drugs, medications containing gold, and radiotherapy in the treatment of cancers.


Symptoms The first symptoms of stomatitis are minor redness of the mouth.Over time, the irritated areas begin to swell in them a burning sensation.If you do not start treating the disease at this stage, on-site redness, sores appear small round or oval-shaped white or grayish-white in color, with a red halo and fine plenochkoj top.At the same cloth around formations looks healthy.For these sores or irritation and painful sensations, making it difficult to eat or drink.They may appear on both the inner surface of the lips and cheeks and under the tongue.The most common stomatitis accompanied by the appearance of one small sores.Education a few deep ulcers larger, sometimes merging into one, talks about the development of severe disease.

If untreated, ulcers can be added to the thrush symptoms such as inflammation of lymph nodes, fever, headache, general deterioration of health, constipation and loss of appetite.The acute course of the disease is characterized by severe pain in the mouth, interfering eat, drink and talk.There may also be excess salivation, redness of the mouth, tongue coating, vomiting after a meal and irritability.

Stomatitis in children under one year is sometimes accompanied by fever, refusal to eat, tearfulness and anxiety, increases with feeding.

Species stomatitis

Depending on the etiological factors distinguish the following stomatitis:

  • traumatic (by direct exposure to chemical or physical traumatic factors in the mucosa of the mouth);
  • infection (caused by viruses, fungi, Treponema pallidum, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other bacteria);
  • symptomatic (one of the manifestations of some diseases of internal organs).

The morphological changes differ catarrhal, aphthous and ulcerative stomatitis.

By nature of the disease can be acute or chronic.


Treatment There are several treatments for stomatitis: local therapy with antiseptic rinses and overall treatment, which may include antibiotics, hormonal drugs and other medications.

When catarrhal stomatitis treatment, first of all, should be to remove local causes of illness.If necessary, we treat the teeth and remove tartar.The mucosa of the mouth rinse is processed using antiseptics (5% aqueous solution of aminocaproic acid or 0.05 - 0.1% chlorhexidine).It is also recommended several times a day to rinse your mouth with warm decoction of chamomile or calendula.The patient must adhere to a sparing diet with the exception of extremely solid, spicy and hot food.By following these simple rules, stomatitis symptoms disappear after 5 - 10 days.

When thrush treatment involves receiving salicylates, antihistamines, ascorbic acid and calcium supplements.In severe forms of the disease are shown antibiotics, application of ointment oxolinic, and interferon.It is also necessary to rinse the mouth with a solution of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), and hydrogen peroxide.

If diagnosed herpetic stomatitis, additional antiviral therapy.When thrush treatment is taking antifungal drugs.If the cause of the disease has become for some other disease, you should first of all to cure the root cause.

the treatment of stomatitis patient must comply with sparing diet restriction spicy, sour, hot, cold, rough and sweet food.The daily diet must contain vitamins, promotes healing of sores in the mouth.It is also important to eliminate the factors that irritate the mucous membrane of the mouth (alcohol, nicotine and other smoke.)

stomatitis treatment in children is slightly different from the methods that adhere to the treatment of thrush in adults.The first principle of this therapy is pain management.Another principle consists in the treatment of oral medications.The third principle - the use of funds, activating epithelialization.The final principle is to increase immunity.

as analgesics when used stomatitis in children 3 - 5% anestezinovuyu Lidohlor emulsion and gel.In the treatment of mucosal effective following ointment: Acyclovir, oxoline, bonafton and Tebrofen.As a prophylactic agent and Imudon Interferon used in tablets.These drugs also have a positive effect on immunity.Recommended hygiene measures such as daily tooth brushing, rinsing solutions of manganese, boric acid, furatsilina and decoctions of plants possessing anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect (succession, sage, chamomile).The third principle is to use an ointment Vinylinum.


Prevention stomatitis in adults and children above all, is to comply with the basic rules of oral hygiene (brushing teeth twice a day and scheduled a visit to the dentist).

To prevent stomatitis important to carefully monitor their diet, eliminating from the diet foods that cause allergic reactions in the oral cavity.Also, do not eat that can injure oral mucosa: all hard, crunchy, hard, salty, spicy and sharp.Not recommended for containing fruit acid, alcohol, orange and tomato juice.At the same time the daily diet should be balanced, as the lack of vitamins and trace elements in the body can trigger another bout of thrush.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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