26 May

Angina - forms , symptoms, diagnosis , treatment

Contents:

1. Symptoms of angina

2. treatment of angina

3. Angina

People suffering from ischemic heart disease - coronary heart disease, angina, can notconsider themselves healthy.They are concerned about the pain in my heart.This is an important organ of the circulatory system is located directly behind the breast bone: a vertical bone, which are attached the ribs right in the middle of the chest.Left rejected only the tip of the heart.

Symptoms of angina

angina The word in Greek means "narrowing of the heart."In Latin sounds like «angina pectoris», that is chest compression.In Russian called unstable angina pectoris.The implication was that toad sitting on the chest and squeezes the heart.

main symptom of angina is chest pain compression.It occurs due to lack of oxygen in the blood vessels of the heart.A paradoxical picture: heart provides fresh blood the whole body, and itself suffers from a lack of oxygen.The classic situation of "shoemaker without shoes."Heart pain prone to i

rradiation, that is felt far beyond the source of pain.Thus, in patients with angina, often aching left forearm.People feel numbness in his hands, while their heart is not worried.Often numbness of the left side of the neck until seizures.Some patients complain of pain in the left jaw, wondering where they came from, if all the healthy teeth?

Besides pain, angina symptoms occur due vegetovascular reactions.

  • Sudden weakness against the background of active physical health.
  • sudden sweating that is not related to the ambient temperature.A person can sweat, being lightly dressed in the cold.Running out of the car to the store, for example.
  • attack of shortness of breath, which is accompanied by a sharp shortage of air.The patient opens his mouth wide, but the oxygen in angina it is still not enough.

during angina attack, heart disease symptoms are so bright that it is not in doubt.Neither the patient nor the people around him.Man clings to the left side of the chest, as if to calm the heart.the patient's face pale from lack of oxygen and the release of large amounts of adrenaline.This hormone is the sympathetic nervous system is allocated to centralize circulation immediately.Post the blood to the most important organs: brain, heart and lungs.At the initial stage of coronary artery disease, angina of the reaction is sufficient to eliminate wheezing and dull the pain.

pain of angina occurs because the heart muscle suffers from a lack of oxygen.What happens inside the myocardium?Muscle cells, experiencing a lack of oxygen, switching to alternate source of energy - anaerobic glycolysis.As a result, allocated oxidized products of metabolism.They also induce a state of acidosis.Changing the pH of the blood to the acid side, it causes shortness of breath and irritate the pain receptors.

Pain in angina begin or intensify during exercise.muscular system The need for oxygen increases, thereby "robbing" the heart.

Often angina symptoms occur at night, during the activity of the parasympathetic system, which is the main nerve of the vagus - the vagus (Lat.).At night, the sympathetic system is inactive, and the vagus, on the contrary, all his work is done at night.That is, the inflow of all peripheral blood organs.This vagal activity leads to the fear of death.Not at all, not unreasonably.Only when a person experiences angina-like animal terror.

Sometimes the only symptom of angina is a common heartburn, or disorder of the digestive system, which is manifested loose stools.This is often in the elderly.It is therefore important for the gastrointestinal symptoms of angina do an electrocardiogram.

Lack of cerebral circulation in unstable angina often generates nocturnal hallucinations, accompanied by threatening pictures.

treatment of angina

As is known the basic mechanism of the suffering of the heart muscle - lack of oxygen - the treatment of angina, primarily aimed at improving the delivery of blood through the coronary vessels.For this purpose, the patient takes the drug cardiac emergency aid for the treatment of angina - nitroglycerin.The medicament of the nitrate group which selectively extend the heart vessels.It is important to take the drug, under the tongue, ie sublingually.Why not swallow, like all other tablets, the same long-acting nitrates?

Because sucking in the mouth, the drug does not enter the bloodstream, but directly to the coronary vessels.They expand, blood flow to the heart muscle is increased several times, angina symptoms cropped.

drops of valerian and motherwort for the treatment of angina normalize the autonomic nervous system.

It is an important diagnostic sign of angina!If it helps nitroglycerin mean pain is caused by a lack of oxygen to the heart muscle.While chest pain caused by other reasons, nitroglycerin is not removed.

To ensure proper blood circulation, it is necessary to thin out.Receiving the usual aspirin to cope with this task.Symptoms of angina often subside by one tablet.

In advanced stages of unstable angina, when the pain for a long time do not disappear, apply surgical treatment of angina pectoris:

  • Coronary artery bypass surgery: when from his own veins is an additional heart container directly from the aorta.Lack of oxygen starvation completely relieves symptoms of angina.
  • coronary stent vessels of the heart in angina to create a certain diameter of the arteries, is not affected by constriction.The essence of the operation: is inserted into heart arteries tube that is not compressed.

angina This is the most common form of angina.Current angina classified by functional class tension.From the first to the fourth.By increasing the intensity of pain increases with angina.The first class, for example, is diagnosed only on the cycle ergometer.Man given exercise, before and after which, done electrocardiogram.Comparative indicators of heart muscle conductivity can diagnose angina.The second, third functional severity is characterized by the volume of the load.As for the fourth stage of development of angina, the pain arises from the low load.Laughable to say.The man did not move.He just ate.But it was enough to bring on an attack of angina pectoris.

Angina, although isolated into a separate nosological form, in fact, is one of the stages of coronary heart disease - coronary artery disease.angina without treatment becomes unstable angina.Symptoms of angina occur in peace and quiet.At the next stage of development of coronary heart disease, angina, myocardial infarction becomes.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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