Spondylitis - types , symptoms and treatment methods


1. Species spondylitis

2. Ankylosing spondylitis or ankylosing spondylitis

3. tuberculous spondylitis, or Pott's disease

4. Aseptic spondylitis or illness Kyummelya-Verneuil

spondylitis - an inflammatory disease of the musculoskeletal system, in which there is an initial destruction of the vertebral body, reduced bone density and vertebral column deformation.

This rare disease affects people of all ages and is in the early stages of vague symptoms, but with the defeat of two or more vertebrae signs of the disease are becoming more distinctive and prominent.Typically, this stiffness, severe pain, fever, weakness, characteristic posture.In the later stages in the thoracic spine formed a hump or angulation.Without timely treatment of spondylitis can lead to serious consequences.

Species spondylitis

spondylitis by origin are divided into specific and nonspecific.The former include tuberculous spondylitis, aktinomikotichesky, brucellosis, gonorrheal, syphilitic, typhoid

and other species.The second group includes ankylosing spondylitis, as well as inflammation of bacterial origin caused by Streptococcus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and so on.The most common by far are considered to ankylosing spondylitis and tuberculosis.

Ankylosing spondylitis or ankylosing spondylitis

This is a systemic disease, which occurs due to immune destruction of ligaments, often leading to complete immobility.More common in men over the age of 20 years.The disease is named after the scientist who studied it and made a detailed description in 1983.However, archaeological studies have shown that the disease has been known to mankind since ancient times.The main symptom of this variety spondylitis - a gradual limitation of joint mobility.Gradually, the bones fuse together, ligaments ossify, spine if fuses into one solid bone.

Ankylosing spondylitis can develop over the years.It all starts with lower back pain, which gradually give one of the hips and groin.Symptoms spondylitis amplify both under heavy braking or when the debt alone.Relieve the pain can be special exercises and anti-inflammatory drugs.Pathology extends from the bottom up - from the lumbar to the cervical.Sometimes changes occur unbeknownst to the patient - it may feel stiffness in his movements, but do not feel pain.Ankylosing spondylitis

not only restricts the movement - when they lose the mobility in the joints of the thoracic vertebrae, the patient breathing more difficult, which may lead to chronic lung disease.However, the main treatment strategy spondylitis this form - early diagnosis, the purpose of anti-inflammatory drugs combined with physiotherapy.

tuberculous spondylitis, or Pott's disease

The disease most often begins in childhood and adolescence.In 95% of cases the cause tuberculous spondylitis are mycobacteria - sticks, resistant to acids, dryness, and a variety of antibiotics.Typically, the disease affects the thoracic spine, which penetrates from lung lesions or lymph nodes.Then the pathological process begins to develop in the vertebral body - it causes the formation of tubercles, which are decaying necrosis.Pockets expand, destroying the cortex adjacent intervertebral disks and moving to adjacent vertebrae.Tuberculous spondylitis can "lay low" for a long time and appear several years after infection.This can contribute to trauma, severe stress, weakening of the immune defense.

In most cases, tuberculous spondylitis is concentrated in the lower thoracic spine and verhnepoyasnichnom.The main symptoms of spondylitis - is the emergence of the cold wandering abscess or abscesses, pain in the back and waist as well as the restriction of mobility of the spine.Children suffering from this disease, quickly get tired, they sleep poorly, become restless, their gait becomes cautious.At the same time children straighten your back and stick out belly to minimize the load on the spine, they often complain of abdominal pain.

As the disease can lead to the formation of a hump, develop neuralgia and paralysis.For the treatment of this form of spondylitis are important timely diagnosis, the use of antibacterial drugs, surgical techniques, and strengthening therapy.

Aseptic spondylitis Kümmel or disease-Verneuil

This disease is also called traumatic spondylitis, as it is the trauma and its causes.The main danger lies in the fact that the pain in the affected area of ​​the spine takes a couple of weeks, followed by a period of "false prosperity" that can last for years.In fact, in the field of destruction occur foci of necrosis.

Aseptic spondylitis most often affects young and middle-aged men, usually affecting one of the thoracic vertebrae, at least - waist.As a result, the injury may be damaged vnutripozvonkovaya artery occurs extensive bleeding, vasomotor disturbances occur.All of these factors lead to a gradual necrosis and resorption of bone tissue.Since the affected vertebra still continues to carry out its functions, it is deformed.As a result, after a minor injury can occur compression fracture of bone beams.

Aseptic spondylitis passes through several stages.First comes the stage of acute trauma.Immediately after the impact occurs severe pain that can lead to unconsciousness.Severe pain kept to a few weeks, then disappear.The second stage - this imaginary remission that lasts 6-8 months, spondylitis patient's symptoms do not bother, at least until such time until it is the third stage - recurrence.The third stage of the aseptic spondylitis can cause any externally minor injuries.

spondylitis Treatment of this form requires bed rest.The patient enclose the roller under the scope of kyphosis, prescribe wearing a corset, physiotherapy and massage.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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