2. Oily seborrhea
3. dry seborrhea
4. Treatment of seborrhea
Seborrhea is an inflammatory disease of the skinassociated with changes in the quality and quantity of sebum.It is characterized by greasy, thickening of the horny layer of the skin and peeling.The disease affects skin areas where the largest number of sebaceous glands.When lesions scalp holds thinning and thinning hair.
seborrhea are the metabolic, genetic and environmental influences.
To date, the key role in the development of seborrhea head belongs pathogen Pitirosporum (yeast-like fungi).These micro-organisms are present in more than 90% of the world population.They are concentrated around the sebaceous glands, using their secret for their growth, and under favorable conditions for themselves begin their development.In particular, the human body loses the ability to control the growth of these fungi, so their number is substantially increased.As a rule, the microflora of the sc
Dermatologists emphasize that the important factors that contribute to the activation of pathogens are neurogenic, hormonal and immune factors that provoke further occurrence of seborrhea on the face.
In addition, experts say that oily seborrhea greatly exacerbated by nervous stress, so people with diseases of the nervous system is very vulnerable to various forms of seborrhea on the face, such as oily seborrhea.
And patients suffering from body paralysis and paralysis of cranial nerves, as well as Parkinson's disease have a very high predisposition to the disease.
Scientists also lead to a high incidence of the facts in patients with severe immunodeficiency states.They suggest that in HIV-infected persons seborrhea observed in 36% of the AIDS patients - 80%, and seborrhea in healthy individuals is observed in only 8% of cases.
Hormonal imbalance can be a factor that causes seborrhea.On the growth of hair and sebum male hormones directly affect.As a result of a failure in the hormonal and immune systems and genetic predisposition increases the number pitirosporumov, provoking the development of seborrhea foci of inflammation in the head and face.
For oily seborrhea mouth of the sebaceous glands expanded, reduced skin elasticity, which causes the formation of acne and comedones.In addition, there may be a hair fat and the presence of yellowish scales on the head.This form of the disease provokes pustular diseases of the skin (seborrhea on the face).
characteristic manifestations of oily seborrhea are inflammation and peeling of the skin, accompanied by itching.As a rule, oily seborrhea affected skin of the scalp, hair growth boundary, eyelashes and eyebrows, and beard and mustache area.
dry seborrhea is characterized by reduced excretion of fat, so that the scalp and hair are formed flakes of dandruff.Due to the dry seborrhea scalp hair structure is broken and they drop out.This form of the disease caused by low immunity due to severe physical and emotional stress, as well as malnutrition.Dry seborrhea
characterized by the absence of changes in the skin, wherein the inflammation seen on the scalp as fine white flakes.The weak form of dry seborrhea is dandruff, which renders many patients complain of itching.
If patients wash the head often, it affects the new areas of the skin, peeling becomes stronger and manifestations of seborrhea on the head become stronger.Inflammatory changes can thus be expressed poorly.In more severe seborrhea head appeared plaques and red patches covered with scales, and sometimes bloody crusts.Additionally, when a person seborrhea inflammatory process may involve the forehead skin and ears.Patients also complain of itching and constant discomfort on the affected skin.In advanced cases of dry seborrhea plaques can affect the patient's skin is almost all over the body.In severe cases it may be accompanied by bacterial infection.
sometimes observed and Mixed seborrhea.In this disease the patient shows signs of oily and dry seborrhea on the same areas of the skin.
order to diagnose seborrhea made medical history and identified risk factors for its development.Then studied the skin and hair, carried out biochemical analysis of blood and hormone analysis.
seborrhea Treatment involves treating all abnormalities in the patient's body.First of all it is necessary to adjust the hormones, as well as to examine the nervous system and internal organs.
Besides it is necessary to adhere to the diet: eat fruits and vegetables, dairy products, foods rich in vitamins and fiber.
also recommended that outdoor exercise, healthy sleep and exercise.
To treatment of seborrhea must be approached in a differentiated, taking into account the manifestations of the disease.
Experts distinguish between two kinds of treatment of seborrhea: specific antifungal therapy and anti-inflammatory hormone therapy.
first option involves using antifungal preparator, depending on the form of the disease (shampoos, ointments, creams, and tablets), and the second - intake means which normalize hormones.
When seborrhea scalp is recommended to use shampoos that contain ketoconazole, tar and zinc.They should be used twice a week until complete disappearance of symptoms of the disease, but not less than one month.The data is then shampoos should be used as a preventive measure not less than once every two weeks.
In milder forms of dry and greasy seborrhea treatment is carried out using antifungal agents in the form of ointment, solution or cream.They should be applied once or twice a week for one month.In the case of severe illness, which is characterized by the presence of multiple scales and foci with marked inflammation, before the application of antifungal agents, you should use a variety of exfoliating products (tar, salicylic acid and the like.) Or soften the scales using oils.
With the ineffectiveness of this treatment locally added hormonal ointments or prescribe oral antifungal drugs.For the treatment of seborrhea most severe forms may prescribe oral treatment with isotretinoin drugs.The duration of therapy is one month.In the complex treatment of seborrhea include antihistamines, anti-anxiety drugs, vitamins and microelements.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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