25 May

Diabetes mellitus - Causes, Symptoms , national treatment

Contents:

1. types of diabetes

2. Causes of diabetes

3. Symptoms of diabetes

4. Treatment of diabetes

5. People's treatment of diabetes

diabetes is an endocrine disease characterized by a chronic increase in blood sugar, resulting in total or partial deficiency of insulin - the hormone of the pancreas.

As a result of the disease there are various hormonal and metabolic changes that can later lead to diabetic complications, such as:

  • myocardial infarction;
  • stroke;
  • severe damage retinal blood vessels;
  • kidney disease.

types of diabetes

Experts say that diabetes - a very heterogeneous disease.There are such kinds of it as a symptomatic and true diabetes.The first is just a manifestation of the underlying disease (for example, with the defeat of the endocrine glands), or is the result of receiving a number of drugs.In some cases, it can occur in pregnancy or malnutrition.But, thanks to the timely and correct treatment of the underlying disease, symptomatic diabetes disapp

ears.

In turn, the true diabetes is divided into two types: insulin dependent (I type) and non-insulin (II type).Insulin-dependent type of diabetes usually develops in children and young people, and non-insulin - for persons older than 40 years who are overweight.The second type of the disease is the most common.

When insulin dependent type of diabetes the human body suffers from an absolute insulin deficiency, which is caused by dysfunction of the pancreas.A Type II disease when there is a partial insulin deficiency.At the same cells in the pancreas produce enough of this hormone, but the flow of glucose in the blood is broken.

Causes of diabetes

As pointed out by experts, the main cause of type I diabetes is an autoimmune process that is caused by a malfunction of the immune system.In this case, the body begins to produce antibodies against the cells of the pancreas, and then there is their destruction.

Besides causes type I diabetes are genetic predisposition and a viral infection (chicken pox, rubella, hepatitis, mumps, and others).

Among the key factors that cause type II diabetes, obesity and heredity isolated.In the presence of the first degree of obesity increases the risk of contracting a factor of 2, with a second degree - 5 times, while the third degree - more than 10 times.In turn, the genetic influence, playing an important role in causing the disease increases the risk of development of 2-6 times.

latest research conducted by British scientists suggest a possible cause of type II diabetes as taking food supplements that contain selenium.

Regardless of the causes of diabetes, one consequence: the human body becomes unable to properly use and store glucose (sugar), which comes with food.As a result, a large amount of unused glucose begins to circulate in the blood and an extremely negative effect on all organs and tissues.Since the glucose uptake is insufficient to cells as a source of energy used by the body begins fats.As a result, the toxins (ketones), which poison the whole body.

Symptoms of diabetes

As for the symptoms of diabetes, they appear as:

  • fatigue;
  • excessive thirst and large consumption of water (3-5 liters);
  • dry mouth;
  • frequent urination, regardless of time of day;
  • and general muscle weakness;
  • itching;
  • poorly healing wounds;
  • increased appetite;
  • sleepiness;
  • drastic weight loss (in patients with type I disease);
  • obesity (in patients with type II disease).

The symptoms of diabetes include complicated flow:

  • cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction);
  • damage small blood vessels of the lower extremities;
  • peripheral arterial disease;
  • decreased vision;
  • selection with protein in the urine and renal function (nephropathy);
  • decrease in sensitivity, pain and spasms in the limbs, dryness and peeling of the skin);
  • stop the disease as a result of lesions of peripheral nerves, skin, soft tissue and blood vessels (diabetic foot);
  • infectious complications (nail fungus, pustular skin lesions, etc.);
  • who (hyperosmolar diabetic, hypoglycemic).

therefore should be careful control of blood sugar level and constant therapy for the prevention of disease.

Treatment of diabetes

insulin-dependent diabetes develops quite rapidly.In contrast, non-insulin dependent type of the disease is characterized by moderately severe manifestations.However, patients suffering from both forms of the disease, will certainly have to be registered at the endocrinologist and receive treatment throughout life.

Treatment of diabetes involves diet based on the exclusion of sugar, spirits, syrups, baked goods, sweet fruit.At the same time recommended foods containing sugar substitutes.Food is advisable to take small, frequent meals.Besides disease therapy is not without medication that can help reduce blood glucose levels.Basically, it is with these drugs begin to cure insulin-dependent diabetes.

People suffering from type I disease, as well as the progression of type II diabetes, insulin therapy shows (daily application of insulin).In the treatment of insulin is extremely important to carry out self-monitoring of glucose levels in urine and blood.In addition, patients show physical activity, which individually may appoint a doctor.

Folk treatment of diabetes

as an effective cure for diabetes, traditional medicine offers a tincture for the pancreas of the partitions of a walnut.For its preparation 1 tbsp.partitions spoon pour vodka and leave for 14 days in a dark place.Take it should be on an empty stomach 1 times a day for 5 - 6 drops.The course of treatment is 1 to 3 months.

Folk treatment of diabetes offers the use of such useful tools like:

  • juice of red beet (take 50 ml 4 times a day);
  • infusion of lilac buds (1 tbsp 3 times a day.);
  • mustard seeds (3 times a day for 1 st. Spoonful).

Another way of national diabetes treatment is the use of a decoction of the bark of aspen.To get it you need to pour 1 tbsp.a spoonful of minced raw water (500 ml), to boil, then let it brew.This decoction should be 50 ml three times a day for three months.

When this disease are very important self-control and strict implementation of the recommendations of experts, which will avoid or significantly slow down the development of its complications.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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