Sarcoidosis - classification , symptoms and treatment


1. Classification

2. Symptoms of sarcoidosis

3. disease diagnosis

4. sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis - a chronic disease, withinflammation and the formation of specific nodules.Intrathoracic manifestations of sarcoidosis are the most common, but the disease can spread to all organs, except the adrenal gland.

To date, reliable data on the causes of disease is not present.Nevertheless, it is assumed that the combination of infectious, environmental, genetic and immunological factors may cause sarcoidosis.

more than others the disease susceptible people aged 30-40 years.Much less common disease in children and the elderly.


Sarcoidosis lymph nodes - a form of the disease, for which there is an increase of inguinal, cervical, axillary lymph nodes and elbow.Abdominal pain and diarrhea occur in sarcoidosis abdomen.Lymph nodes may be significant, and the skin on them remains unchanged, and does not observe the formation of fistulas.

skin Sarcoidosis - a form of the

disease, in which there are small nodules of red and blue, or brown.Typically, nodules formed on the face, upper body and the inner side of the hand.In different parts of the body, you can observe the formation of the major elements of erythema nodosum.The reason appeal to a specialist are skin rash, manifested in sarcoidosis.

Sarcoidosis eye - form of the disease occurs in the form of bilateral recurrent iridocyclitis sluggish.The disease can affect the retina, vascular eye and the optic nerve sheath.Among the symptoms of sarcoidosis can provide this type of increased intraocular pressure, and decreased visual acuity.Furthermore the disease can lead to development of secondary glaucoma.

Sarcoidosis of the lungs - the most common form of the disease usually occurs without symptoms if symptoms persist.This fact complicates the treatment of pulmonary sarcoidosis, as often it is detected as a result of X-ray studies.

for pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by the occurrence of serious complications, the most common of which are emphysema, bronhoobturatsionny syndrome, respiratory failure and pulmonary heart.In addition there is the possibility of tuberculosis on the background of pulmonary sarcoidosis.

Symptoms of sarcoidosis

Among the main symptoms of pulmonary sarcoidosis can distinguish a dry cough, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, disruption of the respiratory, pain in the chest, and fatigue.Inflammatory changes in the skin, lymph nodes, and the joints are also a symptom of this form of sarcoidosis.

Increased fatigue - the main symptom of sarcoidosis any form.Morning fatigue in many cases, simply do not give the patient get out of bed, and fatigue during the day significantly reduces the usual rhythm of life for the patient.Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized for postsarkoidoznogo weakness, muscle pain, and depression.

Another frequent and unexplained symptom of sarcoidosis - pain in the chest, which has a different location and, at the same time, does not apply to the process of breathing.In addition to the patient's skin are formed nodes purplish-red hue.These nodes can be quite painful to the touch, and after they are in their place for a time gray spots are purple.

Upon detection of the first symptoms of sarcoidosis should immediately consult a doctor.

disease diagnosis

diagnosis of sarcoidosis is based on X-ray computed tomography of high resolution.Also, when the diagnosis can be used ultrasound, in which checked the liver, kidney, thyroid, heart, pelvic organs.It can be used and the method of biopsy, in which of the organs such as the lymph nodes, skin, salivary glands, liver, spleen, etc., Take the necessary material for the study.


Treatment of sarcoidosis is stationary and lasts an average of 1-1.5 months, and then continues on an outpatient basis for several more months.Treatment of sarcoidosis of the lungs and other organs requires constant monitoring relevant doctor, as there is a risk of recurrence and relapse.Treatment

sarcoidosis based on the use of drugs such as prednisolone, triamcinolone, dexamethasone, and other setilprednizolon.

Glucocorticoids are used to treat sarcoidosis lung, eye, heart, lymph nodes.Upon confirmation of a positive tuberculin skin test are appointed by glucocorticoids in combination with anti-tuberculosis agents.

In the treatment of sarcoidosis of the lungs and other organs with the use of corticosteroids in a patient for several months may increase body weight, as well as to develop obesity and show signs of crescent-shaped face.Acceptance of prednisolone in this case, reduces the severity of these symptoms.According to statistics, 10% of patients are "hormone-dependent" passed after therapy, because of which they later have to constantly take maintenance doses of prednisolone.

timely treatment of sarcoidosis of the lungs and other organs promotes resorption disseminatov efficient, so we can talk about quite favorable prognosis.However, 40% of patients the relapses and exacerbations.Late initiation of treatment pulmonary sarcoidosis in a running form or the wrong therapy may ultimately lead to death.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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