1. Symptoms of salmonellosis
2. Salmonellosis in children
3. Treatment of salmonellosis
4. Prevention of salmonellosis
Salmonellosis - acute intestinalinfectious disease, which is caused by pathogens of the genus Salmonella.
There are about 700 different species of Salmonella.They actively proliferate in many foods - milk, butter, eggs, meat.
main source of salmonellosis - sick animals and sometimes people.Infection often takes place at reception by food products, which are not subjected to heat treatment immediately prior to eating.In addition, there is a waterway salmonella contamination - water in open water or tap water in emergency situations.Young children can become infected through contact-household through household items.
The most common disease of salmonellosis occur in the summer.
Once in the human organism, Salmonella penetrate the mucosa of the small intestine.In the process of life they produce toxins that damage the intestinal mucosa.As a result, the
The incubation period of the disease is 2-48 hours.Symptoms of salmonellosis depend on the form in which the disease occurs.
gastroenteriticheskaya The most common form of the disease, which develops when the body's general intoxication and violation of water-salt metabolism.A sign of this form of salmonellosis is an acute onset of the disease, which is accompanied by fever, weakness, muscle aches, headache.Then the pain takes spastic character and is localized in the umbilical region and the upper abdomen.Symptoms of salmonellosis joins nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.This leads to the development of dehydration and leg cramps in severe cases.The patient is observed abdominal swelling, pale skin, dry tongue, covered with bloom.Often there is tachycardia (increased heart rate), low blood pressure.
most mild form - gastriticheskaya.The signs of salmonellosis gastriticheskoy forms include acute onset of the disease, for its short-term.This is less pronounced intoxication patient, diarrhea is not seen.Man suffers from repeated vomiting, epigastric pain in the area.
Symptoms of salmonellosis gastrointestinal form depends on the severity of the disease.On the severity indicates the body temperature, which can vary from a slight increase to a severe fever.
There is a generalized form of the disease that often develops in tifopodobnaya option.The main features of a generalized form of salmonellosis are gastro-effects (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting).After calming down their body temperature rises, there is a weakness, insomnia, headache.In addition to the above symptoms of salmonellosis in a patient may be haemorrhagic skin rash, low blood pressure, slight bradycardia (slow pulse).Symptoms of salmonellosis
septic forms are disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, fever, chills, tachycardia, profuse sweating with a decrease in body temperature.Sometimes patients have enlarged liver and spleen.In some cases, in addition to the main symptoms of salmonellosis in humans is an inflammation of the iris eyes.This form of the disease is prolonged, difficult.Its complications are cellulitis, abscesses, endocarditis, the development of secondary foci of purulent inflammation in the bladder, kidneys, and lungs.
Symptoms of salmonellosis in children usually occur 3-4 days after infection of the body.The child feels tired, his body temperature rises, there is vomiting, loose stool up to 5-6 times a day.With the development of salmonellosis in children can be dizziness, headache.Over time the body temperature is raised to 38-39 ° C, stool frequency reaches 9-12 times a day, the color becomes greenish feces.If you do not conduct timely treatment, on the seventh day of the disease appears in the stool mucus, often with blood.Children infancy constantly sleeping with the disease salmonellosis.
When the first symptoms of salmonellosis in children should seek help from a doctor.This is very important, because in the first two days of the start of Salmonella disease can be diagnosed by simple blood culture.Later do more sophisticated analysis, the results of which need to wait for three days.
salmonellosis Treatment in children is usually carried out at home.Only in severe cases, the child is hospitalized.During treatment, the baby is best fed breast milk or habitual for him an artificial mixture.The diet of older children should consist of easily digestible food.In the treatment of salmonellosis in children is necessary to ensure frequent drinking regime, to avoid dehydration of the body of the child.
salmonellosis Treatment is usually carried out at home.Hospitalization is needed in severe cases of the disease or the propensity to develop complications in the patient.
First washed stomach and intestines of the victim.After that, adjust the water-salt balance of the body of the patient.Mild dehydration is used fractional frequent ingestion rehydron solutions Oralita, Glyukosolana.In severe dehydration intravenous fluid therapy is carried out using isotonic polyionic solutions.
the treatment of salmonellosis in the case of acidosis symptoms (disturbance of acid-alkaline balance in the body) used intravenous sodium bicarbonate.
Generalized form of salmonellosis treated with antibacterial drugs.
For the treatment of gastrointestinal form of salmonellosis using enzymatic means - enzistal, festal and others.
very important in the treatment of salmonellosis to comply with the required food diet.
conditionally possible to divide the total and individual prevention of salmonellosis.
The total includes prevention measures to ensure compliance with sanitary and hygienic conditions for livestock and poultry, butchering their carcasses.This also applies to control of diseases of farm animals and birds.
Individual prevention of salmonellosis is in compliance with the rules and terms of storage of food, cooking of animal products.
When caring for patients in order to prevent salmonellosis is necessary to observe safety precautions.It is necessary to wash your hands after contact with patients, while cleaning urine and feces, a glove and a bathrobe.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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