Hydrosalpinx - cause major symptoms , treatment


1. Understanding fallopian tubes

2. main reasons saktosalpinksa

3. clinical picture

4. Saktosalpinks and pregnancy

5.Diagnostic methods

6. Treatment saktosalpinksa

Saktosalpinks - a serious pathological condition which is characterized by inflammation of the uterine (fallopian) tubes, which leads to a violation of their patency due to the accumulation in the hollow tube formation of serous fluid.

Understanding fallopian tubes

Fallopian tubes are paired organ in the form of cylindrical channels, the medial ends of which open into the uterus, and the lateral - into the abdominal cavity.The average length of the fallopian tubes is ten to twelve centimeters, and the width - four to six millimeters.The left and right fallopian tube in size may be slightly different.The main function of the fallopian tubes is to promote the egg into the uterus.

This paired organ is covered with serous membrane, which is loose connective tissue (podseroznaya basis).Under the connec

tive tissue is muscular layer of the fallopian tube, which consists of three main layers of smooth fibers: an inner longitudinal, middle circular (thick) and thin lengthwise.

Muscle jacket provides the peristalsis of the fallopian tubes, which facilitates the movement of eggs.The mucous membrane of the pipe is under the muscle layer.It forms folds and covered with a single layer of prismatic and ciliated epithelium.Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes channels.

Saktosalpinks - a round, hollow formation in the pipe, which has an elastic consistency.This formation of serous fluid accumulates that impedes the progress of the egg in the uterus.Accumulation of fluid secretion in its own sex education fallopian tube indicates saktosalpinkse.If the cavity formed by the pus accumulates, this condition is called piosalpinks.Occurrence saktosalpinksov can be marked with one hand, and on both.Sometimes there may be a development of the valve saktosalpinksa at which the accumulated liquid is poured into the cavity of the uterus.This is due to the high pressure formation of serous fluid at the wall, causing breakthrough of hollow formations.Eventually saktosalpinks develops again.

main reasons saktosalpinksa

saktosalpinksa most common causes are inflammation of the fallopian tubes and the prior adhesions.In addition, the causes can be saktosalpinksa: reproductive tract infections (gonorrhea, chlamydia), adnexitis, soldering pipes after the surgery, endometriosis, salpingitis, salpingo-oophoritis.

In chronic (long-term) saktosalpinkse causes of disease can be frequent inflammation of the genital tract, which occur without the correct treatment.

clinical picture

saktosalpinksa Symptoms include:

  • Menstrual irregularities.
  • Drawing pain.
  • fever.
  • profuse watery discharge observed at the valve type of education.
  • dysmenorrhea.
  • Inflammation of the ovaries.
  • ectopic pregnancy.
  • Infertility.

Not all women with saktosalpinksom, the symptoms of which are very similar to the clinical manifestations of inflammation of the fallopian tubes, complain about the failure of the menstrual cycle, changes in secretions and uncharacteristic pain.As a rule, the disease is diagnosed at the time of the survey to identify the causes of ectopic pregnancy or infertility.

Symptoms of saktosalpinkse mainly dependent on inflammation, disease severity, the statute of limitations of the disease, as well as the related processes in the uterus and its appendages.

Today distinguish follicular (several hollow structures in a fallopian tube) and easy (the appearance of a single cavity) saktosalpinks.Also on the current form of the disease is a chronic (indolent) and acute (active).In various forms saktosalpinksa symptoms will also have a different character.

Saktosalpinks and pregnancy

Currently, saktosalpinks and pregnancy is one of the most serious gynecological problems that modern medicine and can not fully cope.The disease increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.The chances of successful conception and implantation of the ovum in the uterine cavity are greatly reduced (to 5%).Inflammation of the fallopian tubes in this pathology are the source of chronic infection.

Therefore, in most cases (especially in chronic) doctors recommend removing the fallopian tubes, and this suggests that chronic saktosalpinks and pregnancy are incompatible.Pregnancy in the absence of the fallopian tubes is possible only after IVF.Sometimes during this disease during pregnancy can still occur, but in this case the woman is obliged throughout the pregnancy to be under the supervision of the doctor-gynecologist.

Diagnostic methods for diagnosing

saktosalpinksa at the present time resort to the following methods:

  • ultrasound screening.
  • Gynecological examination.During palpation between the ovaries and uterus notes maloboleznennoe or elastic painless education.
  • X-ray analysis (hysterosalpingography).
  • Laparoscopic surgery (makes it possible not only to diagnose the disease, but also delete the education at the same time).

Treatment saktosalpinksa

When saktosalpinkse and treatment is conservative and radical.If any form of disease therapy should be directed at eliminating the inflammatory process (which leads to scarring and adhesions in the fallopian tubes) and the elimination of symptoms (which causes the formation of a hollow in the tube).

the early stages saktosalpinksa conservative treatment methods have a favorable prognosis.With regard to chronic forms of the disease, they often require the use of radical methods of treatment.

most effective and most common method of surgical treatment is laparoscopic surgery saktosalpinksa.This manipulation makes it possible to assess the probability of the recovery operation of the fallopian tubes, as well as to divide adhesions around and inside the pipe.But after each of these operations there is a complete recovery of the functionality of the fallopian tubes.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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