12 August

Rozsa - types, causes , main symptoms , treatment

Contents:

1. Causes

2. Rozsa: symptoms

3. erysipelas on the leg

4. treatment of disease

or erysipelas erysipelas is a serious disease of an infectious nature.The external manifestation of this disease - progressive skin lesion.erysipelas disease refers to one of the most common.At a young age, from 20 to 30 years, they suffer more often men whose professional activity is associated with abrupt changes of temperature, skin contamination, frequent small body injuries.At older ages, the disease is characterized by erysipelas, mainly women.

Causes

main cause of the disease is called physiognomy penetration of streptococcal infection in the human body through the skin damage - scratches, abrasions, diaper rash, abrasions.

Experts say that about 15% of people are carriers of this infection, but do not get sick.Erysipelas develops in the presence of additional risk factors or possessing diseases.

Risk factors that trigger the onset of disease:

  • damage the integrity of the skin -
    scratches, abrasions, cracks, chafing, scratches, scrapes, injections;
  • sharp overcooling or overheating of the body;
  • excessive sunburn;
  • trauma injuries.

There are diseases that predispose to the development of the top faces:

  • diabetes;
  • foot fungus;
  • disease lymphatic vessels;
  • varicose vein disease;
  • obesity;
  • alcoholism;
  • diseases in which there are foci of chronic streptococcal infection - sinusitis, otitis, tonsillitis, periodontitis, tooth decay;
  • trophic ulcers on the legs, thrombophlebitis;
  • chronic somatic diseases that lower immunity.

erysipelas disease occurs most often in the summer-autumn period.

Rozsa: symptoms

Onset of the disease is characterized by fever, headache, muscle aches, general weakness.Sometimes heart palpitations, nausea, vomiting, increased body temperature to 39-40 ° C.In severe faces people can rave, there are cramps, irritation of the meninges.

12-24 hours after onset of the disease erysipelas local symptoms occur.It - swelling, redness, pain, burning sensation, feeling of tension the patient skin.Erysipelas may appear on the skin of the face, extremities, trunk, and sometimes - in the mucous tissues of the body.

There are different forms of the disease face is that different features of the symptoms.

erythematosus form.For the affected area of ​​the skin characterized by redness, swelling, pain.Erythema rises above the skin and has clear boundaries, a bright color, a tendency to expand.Its edges are irregularly shaped, for example in the form of flames chipping.

erythematous-bullous form.At the initial stage of this form of the disease symptoms are the same faces as in the form of erythematous.But after a few days on the site erythema observed detachment of the top layer of the skin and the subsequent formation of bubbles of various sizes.Later, the bubbles burst, forming a brown crust, under which there is a young skin.Sometimes in place of bubbles may appear erosion, which occasionally turn into sores.

erythematous-hemorrhagic form.It has the same faces symptoms as erythematous.In addition, the skin on the affected areas appear hemorrhage.

bullous-hemorrhagic form of erysipelas.It is characterized by almost the same symptoms as erythematous-bullous form.However, the bubbles that form in the course of the disease are not clear, and spotting (hemorrhagic) content.

erysipelas on the leg

Most often erysipelas on the leg appears in frail or elderly people.They have a greater predisposition to diseases such as varicose veins and limfozastoy.At the same time on your feet can occur ulcers, fissures, which develops strep causing erysipelas.

The incubation period of the disease can last up to three days.After that the patient has a general weakness, malaise, weakness.Suddenly rising body temperature, a headache and chills.The temperature of the first manifestations of the clock faces can reach 40 ° C.It appears joint pain, muscle pain, leg and waist.Can inflamed lymph nodes nearby.

the affected areas legs felt a burning sensation, pain, skin tension.After a short time, there is a red or pink spot small.Erysipelas on the leg is characterized by a distinct size and the constant expansion of the boundaries.The skin on the affected area slightly elevated, hard, hot to the touch.Sometimes diseased area of ​​skin appear bruises and bubbles that pass through a period of time.

complication of erysipelas on the leg may be ulcers and erosions.

Treatment Treatment of disease

faces mild carried out on an outpatient basis.In moderate to severe form of the disease, necessary to carry out treatment in a hospital.There are indications for compulsory hospitalization in the treatment of erysipelas:

  • children or elderly patients with age;
  • heavy mug for a disease with extensive skin lesions or pronounced signs of intoxication;most often it is observed in bullous-hemorrhagic form of erysipelas;
  • presence in a patient of serious co-morbidities;
  • frequent exacerbations of the disease, regardless of the nature of the local lesion, the degree of intoxication.

major importance in treatment of erysipelas is antibiotic therapy.In marked skin lesions used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Patients administered vitamin complexes A, B, ascorbic acid.

local symptoms Treatment of erysipelas is performed only when the bullous forms in which the affected limb skin.

As a supplement to the basic treatment is applied physiotherapy.Good results are obtained by local ultraviolet irradiation, exposure to small discharges an electrical current, laser therapy, the use of high frequency current.

mug disease is characterized by frequent relapses.For patients who have repeatedly experienced exacerbation of the disease, medical prophylaxis is carried out.It is the use of special long acting antibiotics.Such an appointment can only be done by the doctor.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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