Reflux - types , causes, symptoms, treatments


1. Duodo gastric reflux

2. Erosive Reflux

3. Ureteral reflux

4. Therapy reflux

In medicine called refluxpromotion contents of hollow organs, back to its normal movement.

In some physiological processes of reflux is normal, and the main cause of pathological reflux often acts disruption of the sphincter.The substance, which moves in the opposite, not in the natural direction of refluxate has the name (reflyuktat).

There are such kinds of reflux:

  • gastric;
  • upper digestive tract;
  • urinary organs;
  • liver ducts, gall bladder and pancreas;
  • female reproductive organs.

Duodo gastric reflux

gastric reflux is a functional disorder of the digestive system, in which the entire contents of the duodenum (half-digested food mixed with digestive enzymes and bile) is thrown back into the stomach.In turn, digestive enzymes and bile, getting into the stomach, eating away at its mucosa.This disease is dangerous, causing serious inflammation of the gastric mucosa, and sometimes ev

en burns.

This syndrome has the full name of the duodeno gastric reflux becausepathological process takes place in the stomach and duodenum.

duodeno symptoms of gastric reflux is:

  • constant feeling of bitterness in the mouth;
  • indigestion and belching;
  • coated tongue yellow coating;
  • abdominal pain shortly after eating;
  • constant pain in his stomach.

presence of these symptoms suggests that it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Erosive Reflux

In deeper lesions of the esophagus wall, which are accompanied by the formation of ulcers and erosions in its mucosa, erosive reflux occurs.If not begin treatment of the disease in time, the result may be chronic ulcer of the esophagus.

order to avoid the development of erosive reflux is very important to strictly adhere to the following guidelines on nutrition:

  • completely give up alcohol and smoking;
  • eat often but in small portions;
  • chew food;
  • refuse foods that increase the acidity in the stomach;
  • refuse smoked, fried, spicy and salty foods;
  • not drink coffee, strong tea and chocolate;
  • abandon soups to meat broth;
  • eat food gentle soft consistency.

In addition, with erosive reflux is not desirable to go to sleep or even rest for at least an hour after eating, and the same is not recommended to wear tight clothes, squeezing the abdomen.

Ureteral reflux

About ureteral reflux say in cases where:

  • inflammation or anatomical defects prevent the flow of urine in the urinary system;
  • there is stagnation of urine;
  • stretch the bladder wall;
  • urine occurs return under pressure back into the ureter.

other words ureteral reflux is a functional disorder of the urinary organs, which leads to the return to throw the urine into the ureters and kidneys from the bladder.This is dangerous because delayed treatment of this form of reflux threatened violation of the kidneys.

The main causes of this disease are:

  • physiological congenital anomaly ureteral orifice, which prevents or hinders the process of removing the urine;
  • disruption of the bladder, causing urine increased pressure inside it;
  • violates the elasticity of tissue ureter chronic cystitis.

Ureteral reflux is characterized by the absence of specific and typical symptoms.As a rule, it begins to appear during concomitant diseases such as pyelonephritis.In the absence of symptoms of colds in the event of a sharp rise in temperature (above 39 degrees), severe pain in the abdomen and lower back, as well as in violation of urination should be a survey and begin treatment as soon as possible to go through.In the event of progression of this form of the disease is likely secondary renal disease, which can cause their removal.

Therapy reflux

key role in the treatment of reflux playing time diagnosis and adequate treatment scheme, as any type of reflux cause serious chronic diseases.

often reflux is detected the doctor at survey of patients suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or urinary.In these cases, treatment is carried out either simultaneously reflux with these diseases, or after completion of therapy.

treatment of reflux should be carried out strictly by appointment and under the expert supervision, in order to minimize the possible consequences and complications.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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