2. Symptoms of rheumatic heart
3. Treatment of heart rheumatism
heart Rheumatism usually a consequence of streptococcal infectionas a rule, nasopharyngeal disease (sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis).According to statistics, the disease affects 0.3 to 3% of patients undergoing acute forms of such infections.The risk group includes women and children aged 7-15 years.
When the immune system is fighting strep, the antibodies are produced.The fact is that the heart muscle and connective tissue molecules are present, similar strep.As a result, antibodies designed to fight the bad bacteria, affect both the body tissue.Inflammation occur, which lead to a change in the structure of the heart valves, their thickening and "bonding".
The disease can also be transmitted genetically, have a viral, allergic, infectious and toxic nature.
heart Rheumatism causes damage to heart membranes, or rheumatic heart disease.Rheumatic heart
- Myocarditis - damage to the muscle membrane
- Pericarditis - damage to the outer fabric shell
- Endocarditis - damage to the inner lining
- pancarditis - damage all three layers of the heart
usually, the disease is accompanied by joint disease.At the ankle, shoulder, elbow, knee joints are formed painful swelling.It is usually observed rise in body temperature.
heart Rheumatism can also cause nervous system disorders, chorea.The disease is a consequence of a violation of the nervous system.In this case the patient has uncontrolled muscle twitching.
symptoms of heart rheumatism are:
- general weakness and malaise
- Pale skin
- The appearance of dyspnea
- The advent of cutting or dull pain in
heart - rhythm disturbancesheart (arrhythmia)
- The appearance of swelling in the legs
- Cough, worse during exercise
However, the presence of these symptoms does not give an absolute guarantee that the person is sicknamely rheumatic heart.The final diagnosis should put a cardiologist, and after examining the patient laboratory tests pass.
treatment of rheumatism of the heart should be carried out as quickly as possible to prevent irreversible consequences.
first phase of the disease, followed by a worsening of symptoms, should take place in the bedrest.The patient is in a hospital under the supervision of doctors.In mitigating the symptoms of rheumatism of the heart, in about two weeks, allowed the inactive engine mode.
doctors prescribe a special diet to be followed.
medicines, with the help of which the treatment of rheumatism of the heart are:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, has antipyretic and analgesic effect
- corticosteroid hormones
- cardiac glycosides and diuretics
- antibiotics, which are assigned in accordance with the individualpatient tolerability.
When damaged heart valves can not be recovered, the operation is carried out prosthetic heart valves.
patients who receive treatment in hospitals remain under the supervision of a cardiologist or rheumatologist.At the same time they are appointed by the drugs to continue treatment as an outpatient.Very useful for patients visiting medical and preventive health centers with the use of hydrogen sulphide and radon baths.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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