Vomiting in child and adult - Causes, Treatment


1. Causes vomiting

2. diagnosis and clinical manifestations

3. vomiting in a child

4. Emergency care in children's vomit

One of the rather unpleasant and quite often observed phenomena in children and adults, are nausea and vomiting.Data related to each other protective phenomena of nature are provided as protective reflexes of the organism, which can not be consciously controlled.Vomiting - slozhnoreflektorny this process in order to clear the contents of the stomach, intestines and often, from harmful and dangerous for the organism opinion substances.Causes of vomiting can be very diverse.Sometimes this condition occurs despite the fact that the toxins in the blood may fall far from the digestive tract, and in some it may occur due to any specific odors.

outwardly manifested vomiting uncontrolled eruption of the contents of the digestive tract through the mouth, and in rare cases, through the nose.This condition occurs when the impact of the central or peripheral stim

ulus to the vomiting center located in the brain stem, and may indicate a serious illness that requires emergency treatment.However, often vomiting - it's just a defensive reaction of the human organism, aimed at removing irritating or toxic substances.

Vomiting can be caused in response to stimulation of any part of the reflex path, and causes vomiting and frequency of its manifestations depend on many factors, such as gender, age and individual characteristics.According to statistics, children and women suffer from nausea and vomiting were significantly more likely than men of the world's population.

Causes of vomiting The causes of vomiting

may be:

  • reflex excitation of the emetic center of various drugs at some obstruction of tubular structures (ureters, colon, bile ducts) or a strong stimulation of the mesentery or the peritoneum;
  • vomiting and temperatures often accompany exogenous intoxication, infectious diseases of the digestive tract;
  • endocrine disease;
  • toxemia of pregnancy;
  • various chronic gastrointestinal diseases, malformations of the digestive organs;
  • foreign bodies trapped in the esophagus, stomach, intestines;
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • cerebral vomiting - associated with a variety of central nervous system diseases;
  • psychogenic reaction;
  • susceptibility to motion sickness.

Almost always vomiting and temperature are observed at different acute diseases of the abdominal cavity, in this case quite often this condition is preceded by pain in the abdomen.In some diseases gastrointestinal tract there is vomiting bile.

diagnosis and clinical manifestations

In order to establish an objective cause vomiting, collect a full patient history and prescribed laboratory tests such as blood and urine.There is also a list of such diagnostic methods include instrumental methods of inspection as x-rays of the digestive tract, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, abdominal ultrasound, CT, MRI.On the causes of vomiting can be judged, knowing the time of its occurrence.For example, in pregnant women with brain diseases and alcoholic gastritis, vomiting often occurs in the morning, but a manifestation of vomiting during the second day of the sexes can be a sign of diseases associated with impaired gastric emptying.In gastritis and peptic ulcer vomiting occurs immediately after a meal, in some diseases of the digestive tract occur vomiting bile.

painted green or yellow bile vomiting, says these factors:

  • vomiting bile could just be thrown into the stomach;
  • vomiting of bile may be due to obstruction of the duodenum.

Vomiting bile has a unique color and bitter taste, and in rare cases, vomiting bile content can be admixed with foreign bodies, pus or helminths.

Content vomitus is the most important factor to determine the cause of violations.For example, if the content is present in the blood red color, this fact suggests the presence of bleeding in the esophagus, the stomach or upper throat.If the admixture of blood is brown, this indicates bleeding from lower parts of the stomach or fortunately rare, from the duodenum.And if the vomit contain bloody foam, it is associated with pulmonary hemorrhage.

Vomiting and the temperature is always accompanied by acute intestinal infection.Also in this case, it joins weakness, pain in muscles and joints, and in many cases almost simultaneously there is vomiting and diarrhea.Such symptoms are typical for food poisoning, cholera, salmonellosis, ierinoza.Also, vomiting and diarrhea can occur in parasitic infestations.

In diseases or brain injuries observed on the background of uncontrollable vomiting, severe headache, confusion, and seizures.Also, after a vomiting patient does not feel relief.

vomiting in a child

vomiting in a child phenomenon is quite frequent, and the child is under, the more often it can occur.A newborn child is vomiting occurs as a result of swallowing air during feeding, when overfed and often not associated with any disease.To the doctor should immediately contact if the baby vomiting occurs after 50-60 minutes after feeding and contains blood, bile or mucus.Vomiting in infants kid may well be due to anatomical reasons - pyloric stenosis, which is removed only by surgery.

Vomiting in children, as well as an adult, can be caused by a wide variety of reasons - the digestive tract diseases, developmental abnormalities of organs or various psychogenic factors.Keep in mind that diarrhea and vomiting in a child by themselves are not a disease, but it is alarming and alarm about the problems in the child's body, to which must be taken extremely seriously.

parents is important to remember that vomiting and diarrhea, as the symptoms of infectious diseases, often can significantly worsen the condition of the child, lead to dehydration and loss of electrolytes to enhance the body, which in turn, may trigger the development of metabolic alkalosis.Vomiting and diarrhea often indicate food poisoning.Vomiting and fever, accompanied by skin rash, require mandatory consultation pediatrician and infectious diseases, and adequate medical intervention.

Emergency care in children's vomit

Before arrival of the doctor's parents themselves can provide the necessary assistance to the kid to relieve his condition.The rules are very simple first aid:

  • not leave the child alone;
  • to prevent vomit in the respiratory tract, the baby should be placed on its side or keep on hand in a vertical position;
  • after each bout of vomiting should give the child to rinse his mouth;
  • in any case can not give the child self-medication, even if you are sure you know the cause of vomiting and temperature;
  • if vomiting associated with food poisoning, you should wash the stomach child plenty of warm water to which you can add powder activated carbon.

Only a doctor can correctly determine the causes of vomiting in the child and prescribe adequate medication.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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