24 May

Cancer endometrial cancer - symptoms , treatments

Contents:

1. Cancer endometrial cancer: stage and risk factors

2. Diagnostics

3. Treatments endometrial cancer

Today endometrial cancer -is a leader in prevalence among all cancer pathologies, which ranks seventh in the series of causes of death from these diseases.About 100 thousand European women develop it each year, and this number is growing from year to year.risk group in this disease in 90% of cases are women older than 50 years.

Cancer endometrial cancer: stage and risk factors

As indicated by the data of statistical studies, most often (75% of cases), a specialist diagnoses in the early stages of the disease, because the most common symptom of endometrial first degree of Cancer (in which in oncologic process involved onlyuterus) are dysfunctional uterine bleeding.Because thanks to the aforementioned manifestation of the disease is detected in the early stages of development, in most cases, women are successfully cured of it.But this symptom of endometrial cancer occurs on

ly in pre-menopausal, and the majority of patients with cancer of the endometrium of the uterus - is the women who are in menopause, dysfunctional uterine bleeding so they do not have and can not indicate the presence of disease.

most common factors of the disease are:

  • abortion;
  • inflammation of the pelvic organs;
  • adenomatosis;
  • hyperplasia of the endometrium;
  • polyposis;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • frequent change of sexual partners;
  • uterine fibroids;
  • cervical erosion.

Diagnostics

If women find symptoms of cancer of the endometrium, then apply such diagnostic methods, such as:

1. Sample Papanicolaou (Pap smear).

2. Endometrial biopsy (fractional curettage).

3. CT (computed tomography).

4. ultrasound.

5. Cystoscopy.

6. X-ray analysis.

7. Urography.

8. Sigmoidoscopy.

9. Limfangiografiya.

risk factor for endometrial uterine cancer:

  • obesity;
  • infertility;
  • late menopause;
  • diabetes;
  • receiving a number of drugs (eg, oral contraceptives, estrogens);

Today distinguish the following stages of the disease:

1. The pathological process is in the body of the uterus:

  • 1A - penetration into the myometrium absent or characterized by size of less than half of its thickness;
  • 1B - invasion of the myometrium constitute more than half of its thickness.

2. Cancer of the uterus, though limited body, but extends to her neck.

3. There is a distribution of the local nature of the tumor:

  • 3A - was sprouting in serous tumors of the uterus, besides having metastasized to the fallopian tubes or ovaries;
  • 3B - spread of the tumor on the parameters of the tissue and / or the vagina;
  • 3C1 - defeat pathology of pelvic lymph nodes;
  • 3C2 - tumor affects the para-aortic lymph nodes.

4. There is a germination of the rectum, the bladder mucosa or distant metastasis.

  • 4A - germination of the rectum or bladder mucosa;
  • 4B - distant metastasis, which covers the inguinal lymph nodes and abdomen.

Treatments endometrial cancer

performed bilateral removal of the appendages of the ovaries, cervix and uterine body at the first stage of the disease.Modern medicine for this purpose recommends the use of a method such as laparoscopy.In turn, the feasibility of lymphadenectomy is a difference of opinion of experts.

During surgery the surgeon carefully examines and palpates other pelvic organs and the abdominal cavity, as well as taking peritoneal washings.

Patients 1-2 stages of the disease who have a contraindication to surgery, such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and other diseases, carried out external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy (radiation therapy contact).

Treatment of endometrial cancer more severe stages are usually discussed at the medical board individually.Prevention of endometrial cancer is to appoint women to the hormones estrogen and progesterone with the onset of menopausal period.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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