1. Cancer endometrial cancer: stage and risk factors
3. Treatments endometrial cancer
Today endometrial cancer -is a leader in prevalence among all cancer pathologies, which ranks seventh in the series of causes of death from these diseases.About 100 thousand European women develop it each year, and this number is growing from year to year.risk group in this disease in 90% of cases are women older than 50 years.
As indicated by the data of statistical studies, most often (75% of cases), a specialist diagnoses in the early stages of the disease, because the most common symptom of endometrial first degree of Cancer (in which in oncologic process involved onlyuterus) are dysfunctional uterine bleeding.Because thanks to the aforementioned manifestation of the disease is detected in the early stages of development, in most cases, women are successfully cured of it.But this symptom of endometrial cancer occurs on
most common factors of the disease are:
If women find symptoms of cancer of the endometrium, then apply such diagnostic methods, such as:
1. Sample Papanicolaou (Pap smear).
2. Endometrial biopsy (fractional curettage).
3. CT (computed tomography).
6. X-ray analysis.
risk factor for endometrial uterine cancer:
Today distinguish the following stages of the disease:
1. The pathological process is in the body of the uterus:
2. Cancer of the uterus, though limited body, but extends to her neck.
3. There is a distribution of the local nature of the tumor:
4. There is a germination of the rectum, the bladder mucosa or distant metastasis.
performed bilateral removal of the appendages of the ovaries, cervix and uterine body at the first stage of the disease.Modern medicine for this purpose recommends the use of a method such as laparoscopy.In turn, the feasibility of lymphadenectomy is a difference of opinion of experts.
During surgery the surgeon carefully examines and palpates other pelvic organs and the abdominal cavity, as well as taking peritoneal washings.
Patients 1-2 stages of the disease who have a contraindication to surgery, such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and other diseases, carried out external beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy (radiation therapy contact).
Treatment of endometrial cancer more severe stages are usually discussed at the medical board individually.Prevention of endometrial cancer is to appoint women to the hormones estrogen and progesterone with the onset of menopausal period.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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